The original design of a small room
In modern homes, one room can simultaneously be a bedroom, a study, a kitchen, and a living room. To combine all these functions, even at the stage of repair it is necessary to carefully consider the design of the room. When planning the interior of a small apartment, one should take into account not only the size, but also the shape of the existing room.
Rules for registration of a small room
The most common option to expand a small space is to combine two small rooms with an area of 10-12 square meters.m in one by demolishing the walls and interior partitions. Sometimes the owners expand the boundaries of living space at the expense of the existing balcony or loggia - they demolish the balcony block and warm them. However, this is not always possible for several reasons.
Therefore, it remains to deal with a very small area. Well, if the room is 9-10 square meters. m, from which you need to squeeze the maximum usable space, has a square shape.
It is somewhat easier and more convenient to plan the situation in it, since the length of the walls is the same everywhere. Therefore, furniture can be arranged as you like.
If we are dealing with a rectangular room, the bed is better to put along a long wall. Retractable furniture parts, if any, should not interfere with free movement. If the room has a niche, you can equip a dressing room or bed.
The basic rule for decorating a small room is to use no more than three colors in the decoration. At the same time they must be combined with each other. For the main tone to be used on the walls and ceiling, it is better to choose muted calm tones.
If there is enough sunlight in the room, you can experiment with cool hues - from pale blue and soft lilac to emerald green.If we are dealing with a room where there is a small window and there is a lack of natural light in it, it is better to choose warm colors for decoration.
The second shade used in the interior, is considered an additional. It is needed in order to give the room a volume, to make it deeper. It may be the same basic, only more intense. It can manifest itself in furniture or some finishing details.
But the third color can be completely different from the previous two. This is a kind of contrast. It can manifest itself in the elements of decor - sofa cushions, a rug near the sofa, curtains, vases, etc. It can also be a decorative light. The main thing - these parts should not be too much and they should not be too large.
How to visually enlarge the space?
A small room should not be dark. For this it is necessary to provide in the room as much as possible light sources. Light tone should be basic in the interior design - wallpaper on the walls, the ceiling, and if possible, even the floor looks in this light much more spacious.
Ideally, if the walls will be monotonous finish - wallpaper or decorative plaster.It is better to refuse large prints and bright colors for walls - they will visually “eat up” an already small space. In a narrow room, a long wall can be decorated with a vertical stripe, and a short one left monotonous. The long wall can be made darker, decorated with photo wallpaper, stick on it with a decor or decorate with family photos.
It is believed that too large a picture is not suitable for small spaces. However, in some cases, it gives a completely opposite effect - drawing attention to itself, the print distracts attention from the modest size of the surrounding space.
If we are dealing with a narrow and long room, we should not distinguish it between the deaf partitions. - so one part of the room in general will lose daylight and will seem even less than it actually is. If the window is located on a short wall, in front of it you can hang a large mirror or install a cabinet with mirrored doors.
In general, all glass and mirror elements are relevant when creating a design project for a small space. They visually expand its boundaries and add light and air to it, making the interior more light. To do this, you can use glass panels or shelves with light, mirror tiles.
As for the ceiling - if the white color seems too boring to you, you can paint it in the color of the walls, but make it a few shades lighter, and in order for the space not to blend together, you can distinguish it with light ceiling plinths. So you can visually increase the low ceiling.
Designers do not recommend making a complex multi-level ceiling in a small space. You can simply stretch the glossy canvas - it will reflect the light from the light bulbs and give additional lighting. If you still want creativity, the lower level should be done at the edges, and the center should be left deeper.
From the bulky chandeliers should also be abandoned - it is better to make a diffusing lighting. For this ideal spotlights mounted in the ceiling. At the same time, it is better to stir them purposefully: above the table, above the bed or sofa, above the painting or panel on the wall.
Floors can also visually enlarge the space. Here, too, there are some rules. If you choose parquet or laminate, it is recommended to lay it diagonally. In this case, it would be a mistake to lay on the floor a dark carpet with a complex pattern.It is better to restrict a small rug in the same color with a floor covering. In addition, the color of the floor should contrast with the color of the furniture. Otherwise all the space will merge.
Division into zones
Zones can be zoned in several ways. The easiest is to divide the room with a curtain. It is enough to fix a thin cornice on the ceiling and hang a curtain on it. In this case, too heavy curtains should be avoided - the whole interior should be light.
To separate a small space, you can use a transparent veil or thread curtains. You can show a little imagination and make it yourself from scrap materials - from glass beads, beads, crochet or using macrame technique.
In the role of a partition can act as a wardrobe or "slide". Such a wall has a lot of open space and can be two-way. In addition, it can also act as a bedside table - you can put a phone, TV remote control or a book that you read before bedtime on it.
The borders in the room can also be delineated with the help of a plasterboard partition.It can make niches for storing various items, and for greater effect, decorate them with built-in lighting or LED tape. The partition can also be made in the form of sliding doors of the "coupe" type or in the form of a movable screen on wheels.
Another way to divide the room into zones - multi-level lighting. For example, if you cook and eat and sleep in the same room, then you can hang a lamp above the kitchen table that can change its height — you can lower it by making the table lighting more intense, or raise it higher by adding light to the common space.
You can mount spotlights above the bed or sofa, and hang the above-mentioned LED strip above the TV. It can be glued not only on the ceiling, but also on the wall. With its help, you can make the image on the wallpaper mural.
With the help of finishing materials for the floor it is also possible to distinguish the room For example, in the kitchen area you can put a tile, and the bedroom or living room can be decorated with carpet or laminate flooring.
Whatever solution you choose for the zoning of space, you should maintain the interior in a single color. Liberty is allowed only in shades of one color.It should be remembered that one color can have both warm and cold shades, and you should not mix them in the same room.
Choosing a style
We have already mentioned above how important it is not to overload the interior with unnecessary accessories. Therefore, for small rooms, practical minimalism is often chosen, when the interior ideally combines the necessary minimum of objects with their maximum convenience.
Regardless of the purpose for which the room is intended, there are a few rules that should be followed in a minimalist style:
- The lack of complex decor. There is no place for intricate patterns, various curlicues and an abundance of unnecessary details.
- The forms of furniture are extremely concise and simple. It is desirable if the whole situation will be sustained in a single color.
- No extra details of the interior. Each piece of furniture must bear a certain function. In small rooms there is no place for massive floor vases and artificial trees. Every inch should be useful.
It is better to choose a wardrobe with sliding doors, as hinged doors take up too much space. And in the corner you can put a floor lamp or coat hanger.Bookshelves can be placed on top of the bed. Instead, you can choose a folding sofa.
For classic design should choose furniture from natural materials - wood or rattan. The high-tech style is characterized by an abundance of metal and glass, so you can pick up a rack of aluminum with glass shelves.
Interior loft style does not provide for any partitions - an exception is made of those that can not be demolished by the project and those that fence off the bathroom from the residential area. This direction is generally characterized by the lack of decoration.
Rough wall finish is allowed - bare concrete or masonry. If such a finish seems too brutal, you can decorate the walls with decorative plaster imitating metal or leather.
Despite the inherent style Country and Provence an abundance of cute trinkets, they can be applied in a small space. It is enough to be like light furniture, hang light openwork curtains on the windows and put several flower pots, and put the same tablecloth on the table and the house will be filled with rustic comfort and warmth.
We select the interior of the room
Before you choose furniture for a room, you should decide on its functional purpose. If you decide to embroider the space and make a studio out of a one-room apartment, a corner sofa is quite suitable for this purpose, which will separate the kitchen from the living room.
A large sofa is hardly suitable for a study. Here more appropriate furniture would be appropriate, for example, a beautiful table and a comfortable chair or chair. In such an interior there is no place for floristic motives - the interior should tune into a working mood, therefore the design should be extremely concise. It can be slightly diluted, for example, using a painting on the wall or a clock of unusual design.
For a room where a young couple lives with a small child, deaf partitions are unacceptable - a child can wake up at night and get scared if he does not see his mother next to him. It is better to distinguish between zones with a translucent curtain. Above the bed of the parents and the crib, you can hang rheostat lamps. Their brightness can be adjusted - it is very convenient, especially if you often get up at night.
If you make out a room for a teenager, then instead of chairs you can use bean bags or pillows.They are quite suitable for a friendly youth party, and after the guests leave, they can be folded into a corner or put away in the closet.
In a small room, long thick curtains crawling on the floor would not be appropriate. In addition to the fact that they will create inconvenience when cleaning, they will visually reduce the height of the room. It would be much better if you hang up small light curtains to the window sill.
If you are furnishing a room such as a balcony or a loggia, you can choose blinds as an alternative to fabric curtains. Fabric vertical blinds are suitable for a classic interior, and metal horizontal ones for a techno style or any other minimalist interior. Roman or Chinese curtains - a universal solution for any interior.
If you are a happy owner of large panoramic windows with a low sill, then you can use it as a padded stool. Sometimes it's so nice to sit near the window and watch how life is full of him. It is especially interesting to do this if the apartment is located on high floors.
By the way, at the height it is not necessary to hang the curtains at all.Neighbors will not look in the windows, and at night you can lower the rollers or the aforementioned blinds.
In order to maximize the use of space, it is not necessary to be a designer. Sometimes interesting ideas lie on the surface, just take a closer look.
For example, with the help of a panel of remnants of old wallpaper, you can diversify even the most bland and boring interior. If fantasy is not enough, you can buy such a panel ready.
Often, additional living space is arranged on a balcony or loggia, if they have sufficient space. At the same time, it is not always possible to remove the interior partition, but you still want to have a room. In this case, the solution is to warm the loggia.
Most often, the width of the received room is such that only a bed or a table can fit there. In this case the transforming bed comes to the rescue. At night, this is a place to sleep, and during the day the bed is folded and transformed into a desktop.
There are many tricks to vary the small space. For example, you can experiment with furniture - in particular, with a wardrobe.The corner option will take place significantly less than the coupe, and in capacity it is not inferior to him.
If the window in the room is small or missing, you can create a fake window or door with the help of photo wallpapers. Excellent reception - the image of the forest silt of the sea landscape on the wall, passing on the doorway.
Avoid abundant items on the floor. Everything that can be raised should be placed above the floor level. Actively use open shelves. They should be placed at different heights so that the design does not seem flat.
Beautiful examples and options
Often in a small apartment the bed takes up almost all the free space in the room. Very often this is found in the old "Khrushchev". Creating an interior for small spaces, designers often beat the idea of zoning space not only horizontally, but also vertically.
Raising the bed to the podium and making it in the boxes, you can create additional space under it for storage. There you can hide anything you like - from winter clothes and bedding to children's toys.
Or, for example, the bed itself may be stacked, when one berth is pushed out from under the other.This solution is very important if you need to equip, for example, a nursery for several children. Raising the bed above the floor level, at the bottom you can organize a working space.
Modern stores in large numbers offer options for loft beds with a built-in wardrobe and table. Using all the above techniques and complementing their own ideas, you can create a fashionable and original design, even in a modest space.
How to visually increase the space of a small room, see the following video.