Barn doors: types and features
Not in all cases, the door must have a complex structure. Sometimes it is appropriate to use very simple, but because no less functional and elegant solutions. Such as barn doors.
What it is?
Barn doors, as a rule, are used in household and household buildings:
- barns and home workshops;
- children's houses;
Their advantage is quite obvious: even if everything is swept from the outside by deep snowdrifts, it is not difficult to open the door. But even in urban dwellings, such constructions may well be used, primarily for aesthetic reasons. The input block of solid wood, set on metal guides, often turns into the semantic center of the interior.
At the same time, barn doors save space, and even despite occupying an empty wall, they are ideal for small-sized dwellings.
There is nothing strange in that - the canvas just drives into the prepared case, and does not interfere with people. Experts recommend to put the barn door in the passage from the kitchen to the living room, because it provides high permeability.
Important: having established it in a bedroom, you can quite place a bed at the entrance. If desired, options are available with sliding mechanisms from several canvases at the same time, folding in one direction from the opening.
In any case, the barn door is outwardly catchy and expressive. For the manufacture of its canvases, not only wood is used, but also glass, plastic, even metal.
Habitual wooden structures are perfectly in the rooms, decorated in styles:
- country music;
They are also applicable in vintage, rustic, even industrial stylistics - but on condition that they fit the design in good faith and think it over deeply.
If the interior is used rustic style, the door must be equipped with heavy rollers made of cast iron.
But in the modernist rooms where it would be more appropriate chrome options.
Country and Provence are best compatible with the input structure of the raw array. When there is a desire to make the situation more interesting and richer, use the original door, really used in the barn, or at least stylized antique.
Imitation wooden beams and fake fireplaces can complement the impression.
Important: the barn door can also be made in the compartment format. This approach first appeared in the United States, but designers from other countries also appreciated it rather quickly. Externally, the design appears to be an ordinary old door; it is stylistically acceptable to place it in any kind of interior. Such solutions are most often used in loft-style rooms or in a “village” setting.
The simplest option - just cobbled boards - looks like the most authentic. However, there are also more spectacular varieties, this and one very wide board, which has a beautiful structure, and doors of exclusive execution.
The granary door in the living room, becoming a composite core, will help to make the texture of modern interiors more diverse. With it, you can visually "hide" a bar, a TV or something else.
Attention: the barn door in the living room should not be used for its intended purpose, its role is purely decorative in this case. The apartment looks good black and gray canvas, this option is considered universal.
Good alternatives to simple wooden doors are glass panels or frames. Applying a rich paint - yellow, green, and if you want orange, you get even more focus on the door.
Let's clarify that bright tones will look better and more appropriate if they are duplicated somewhere else as an accent or coloring of the decor.
The very first step is laying the boards into the frame; tapered planks 25 cm wide are preferred for frame constructions.
According to most masters, you need to connect the boards with a half-tree technique. Its essence is simple, a cut is made at one end that allows you to connect an element with another board.
Having completed several cuts in half thickness in the right place, the wood is removed with a hammer and a wide chisel and the joint is trimmed. Having assembled a ready-made kit, you can immediately install it, hang the lock, and so on.
Making a door always means selecting a material: home craftsmen are entitled to use both softwood and hardwood.
The final choice depends on:
- financial opportunities;
- available tools;
- external or internal placement of doors;
- applying them in a room with normal or with increased humidity.
Oak wood is beautiful and durable, but it is difficult to process it, and the cost is not the most gentle. Her, as well as beech array, it is more appropriate to use at the entrance to the house. It is better to close the interior structures with a canvas of simpler varieties of wood - pine, birch, and spruce.
A barn door is almost always assembled from parallel boards held by planks running perpendicularly or diagonally.
Take it extremely seriously to the selection of fasteners. Any nail should firmly fix the board, the bar, but it does not go through. After the preform of the structure is knocked together, it is tried on on the necessary aperture, and the excess is cut off.
A barn door can be with or without glass, decorated with various decorative elements, or it can be just a simple hanging canvas.All this does not make any sense if a well thought out and smoothly working mechanism is not provided.
The top track is performed in various geometric forms:
- a circle;
- Latin letter J;
The door moves, relying on rollers, fixed either on the upper end or on the upper outer part (special plates are used for this).
The upper track is equipped with side stops, which sometimes serve as dampers. The lower guide brackets in the shape of the letter P, which are made a little wider than the canvas itself, help to avoid jerking the hanging door to the side. Another variant of them is a block in the form of the letter T, which enters the groove in the canvas itself.
Making the doors of a barn type is only part of the care, they will still need to be installed hanging on the rail. When opening and closing the canvas moves with the help of carriages, rollers. Rail fastening favorite designers because it can withstand a greater load than the hinges. This property is useful when filling very wide openings or when zoning a space with a partition door.
There is no lock in most cases.although you can install it too - if you want more privacy.
How to install a barn door, see the next video.
Use in the interior
According to experts, it is most correct to use the barn door on the aisle to the kitchen.
Barn doors are often multifunctional: they close the passage and hide at the same time, for example:
- office in the house;
- home library;
- workshop or business unit, and much more.
Before buying or making a barn door, you need to thoroughly understand whether you need it. Do not rush to remove the previous door, first look at what kind of jamb used there.
Often there is a situation where even a parallel distribution of mass on the upper horizontal support does not help to achieve the desired stability. In modern housing, there is almost no reason to fear, but in old buildings, especially where arched doors were installed, everything needs to be thoroughly checked.
It is especially important: in no case should the granary entrance structure be fixed to the plasterboard guides, they can not cope, and then the whole wall sometimes collapses.
Do not forget that such doors, even if they completely close the opening, do not always fit tightly to it. In the bathroom you need to put only such products that do not deviate from the wall. Note that the gap between her and the canvas sometimes makes it difficult to mount the baseboard.
Barn doors look good in a variety of styles and are quite reliable. But their choice (or independent production), installation and use have many nuances. Paying attention to these moments in a timely manner, you will avoid a lot of problems and be completely satisfied.