Facing yellow brick: features, properties and application
If you need a good material for the walls, facing yellow brick, which is appreciated because of its type, reliability, durability and good thermal conductivity, is ideal. It does not change its color throughout the entire period of use. On the surface with the ingress of moisture does not appear fungi. It can serve for 20 years without qualitative and decorative transformations.
Parameters and classification
Yellow front brick is made double or one and a half. Slightly less often it is single. All sizes are governed by GOST 530-2007. The dimensions are as follows:
- single - 250x120x60 mm;
- one and a half - 250x120x88 mm;
- Double - 250x120x103 mm.
All these sizes have been verified over many years of practice by craftsmen.And at present, such dimensions of products are most appropriate for transverse or longitudinal alternation of bricks during masonry.
One and a half or single bricks are made with carved or full-bodied, and therefore have a weight of from 3 to 5 kg. Figures vary depending on the density of materials. Besides the fact that a brick can have a smooth surface, its front side is often made with various decorative prints.
A double brick is produced only with internal voids, of which there may be a different amount.
More products are classified by type of surface, which is:
Make a front brick from various raw materials, why its color depends first of all. The composition of ordinary bricks includes such elements:
- sand mixture;
During production, the resulting mass is pressed under high pressure into molds, which ensures high frost resistance and low moisture absorption by the product, since the brick is dense and does not allow water to enter. Since the production uses only natural and natural ingredients,while adding a minimal amount of third-party impurities, this material is environmentally friendly and completely safe for humans or nature. If necessary, after pressing, the products are fired and glazed.
As a result of such manipulations, the yellow brick turns out to be of the correct form, each of its elements has right angles and sharp edges. The color of the product does not change throughout the lifetime of the brick.
When choosing, it is recommended to buy goods from one batch so that the shade of the material does not differ.
Advantages and disadvantages
Yellow brick of different shades has many positive qualities, the main of which is decorative. The wall of the house, which will be decorated with such material, always looks beautiful and stands out among others. In addition, the advantages include:
- color fastness;
- frost resistance;
- easy care;
- resistance to negative external factors;
- high fire resistance;
- environmental friendliness.
At the same time, this material has certain disadvantages, among which the main is the high price.And also to the disadvantages can be attributed to the fact that usually this brick is made in the form of a parallelepiped, and therefore its use is limited to these forms.
Scope of use
Yellow brick can only be used for cladding of buildings, in the construction of fences, fireplaces, gazebos and other structures that will not get rid of later. When choosing, it is worth remembering that this material cannot be used for swimming pools or baths, as it has an increased water absorption.
Finishing work must be done carefully. Despite the fact that the material has exact dimensions, the masonry may shift due to the unevenness of the seam. Therefore, when carrying out work, you need to follow the correct location of each brick in the row. The grout stitches can be contrasted, which will make the whole structure look more original.
Technology of work
Depending on how much weight and type of brick will be used during the cladding of building facades, it is recommended to pre-check the strength of the foundation, since this coating is heavy and some bases may not withstand it.To determine the approximate weight that will affect the foundation, it is necessary to calculate the number of bricks in the same row, and then multiply this indicator by the weight of each brick.
It is noted that the average weight of a single element may vary. In addition, there may be non-standard products produced according to European standards, which differ in a large direction in length, width and height. But this does not affect the quality of products, while giving an opportunity to save on the purchase. If you properly combine such products with others, then in the end you will need less material for the construction of the same object (provided that the price is equal).
Features of the work with the yellow brick
Mixed solution of cement with the addition of sand.
- When laying bricks it is necessary to make small gaps between the stones for ventilation.
- The thickness of the seam should not exceed 1.5 cm.
- For facing one surface it is necessary to adhere to a certain technology and use the same solution in color so that the base is uniform and harmoniously looked.
- So that there is no dust on the surface of the brick during laying, it is necessary to dip it beforehand into the water.
- The masonry uniformity is checked by a plumb line.
- The solution is applied with a trowel.
If you make all the work on the finishing of the facade according to the above rules, then you can modernly and decoratively decorate any building that will stand for many years.
Facing bricks of different colors
For any cladding material, its decorativeness is a priority, which is considered first. Further, the characteristics of the product and other parameters are taken into consideration, and therefore manufacturers eventually expand the range of their products and produce bricks not only of yellow color, but also of other shades. The color of the product is primarily influenced by the type of clay and the amount of iron in its composition.
If necessary, it can be used in the manufacture of pigment, with which the composition is painted in the desired color. The firing method also plays a significant role, which basically determines the similarity of shades of stones depending on the production batch.
In addition to the yellow shades of this material, the colors of peach or apricot are popular.These shades are warm and look good. With professional work, as well as the correct combination of bricks of different colors, you can create patterns or combinations that will allow you to decorate and make any structure unusual. As well as bricks of a different color, you can finish certain elements on the facade, for example, window openings or doors.
Peach color is ideal for finishing one-story buildings, in addition, it is effectively used and emphasizes the practicality of high-rise buildings. Therefore, today everyone can choose the color of the brick and its type, which will be optimally suited to the conditions of its application.
When such material will be purchased from sellers or dealers of the manufacturing plant, you must first check the quality certificates and make sure that these products are manufactured in the factory, meet all the presented parameters. In this case, you can be sure that the brick will last for many years and will not lose its characteristics.
For practical tips on laying and choosing bricks, see the video.