Which mattress is better: spring or springless?
The choice of mattress for the bed requires a very careful approach. It depends on how correct and comfortable it will be not only rest, but also sleep. Choosing from two types of blocks is difficult to get confused, not knowing which mattress is better: spring or springless, because each type is divided into separate categories with their own characteristics and virtues.
Springless mattresses: types, pros and cons
Modern mattresses without springs are worthy competitors of spring mats. They are developed using computer technology to help maintain the correct position of the spine with different levels of body stress.
According to its type of structure, mattresses are of three types:
- monolithic - representing a cast block of one filler, which does not have additional gaskets on either side (can be dense without or with holes);
- combined - mattresses, which are based on a block of one-piece padded linen, which is complemented by one or several layers of a pad of different material to provide the desired degree of rigidity;
- puff - mattresses in the section resembling a puff cake, since they are made of several layers of different material of the same thickness (about 3-4 cm each).
Among the wide range of padded materials, the most popular mattress components of furniture companies are:
- natural latex - filler with a porous structure in the form of cells of different depths and diameters, produced from the tree juice of tropical Hevea, featuring excellent performance, long service life and high cost;
- artificial latex - An analogue of latex filler, which is a budget type of block of such a plan with good indicators of reliability, rigidity and density, designed for a daily moderate weight load;
- polyurethane foam - furniture foam rubber type HR, which is somewhat inferior to the characteristics of latex mats and, unlike them,does not have a porous structure and distribution of the mattress to different weight zones, however, having a good density and elasticity;
- coconut fiber (coir) - a fibrous substance compressed into a rather narrow whole brownish layer produced from the pericarp (peel) of a coconut. Hard filler with orthopedic effect and prevention of diseases of the joints;
- Memory foam - a material with a memory effect, characterized by memorizing the contours of the body when heated, which by its origin is a modified polyurethane foam with a reduced degree of elasticity, developed by NASA engineers;
- struttofiber - packing with a vertical arrangement of fibers, not subject to rotting and having excellent operational properties, changing the degree of temperature depending on the additional layer (a layer of flax gives a feeling of coolness, goat down - heat);
- synthetic winterizer - an additional component of the springless unit, necessary to soften the rigid surface of the block, which is an elastic fibrous substance;
- felt - a thin layer, often used in the combined principle of the block,necessary for varying softness and warmth (a component of bilateral blocks of winter-summer models, in which on one side they add thin cotton filler, in the other - felt to sleep was not only softer, but also warmer).
Each padding material is different from the other, however, it is fully compatible with any of them and often complements the rigid construction of the block in order to achieve the desired rigidity. The best option for springless packing is a latex block. Often it is combined with coir, which gives the mat an orthopedic effect and eliminates its bendability.
Polyurethane mattress is considered a budget version of the mat. It is divided into two categories: standard foam rubber type "T" and furniture cast plan. The first subspecies is similar to the spongy-shaped foam sheet, which has the lowest performance. The second (polyurethane foam) mattress is quite elastic and dense.
It does not deteriorate over time, although it may change somewhat in color and slightly bend over the center, if the owner has a heavy body.
Pluses mattress without springs
Mattress designs, in which there are no springs, have a number of advantages, they are:
- convenient and comfortable to use;
- provide the correct body position with different levels of load;
- do not tear and do not injure the skin;
- they are made of hypoallergenic material, therefore they exclude redness and itching of the skin, do not interfere with the rest of the body;
- have not only a relaxing, but also a massage, anatomical and orthopedic effect, restoring performance, improving well-being and raising the mood for the whole day;
- can be elastic, roll-up and light or dense, of great thickness and inflexible (suitable for any requirements of the buyer);
- they are distinguished by a variety of size groups, so you can buy a mattress not only for an adult and a child, but also for a non-standard size bed;
- can have not only the main, but also the additional removable cover simplifying care of a mattress;
- do not rot, do not fade and do not have the environment for the formation of fungus or mold;
- resistant to moisture: skipping water, dry naturally optimally quickly;
- they do not have large voids in which dust can accumulate, therefore it is not burdensome to maintain;
- do not have springiness, therefore they are not deformed;
- provide for the presence in the line of two-zone systems, divided into two areas with different degrees of rigidity (for two people of different weight);
- include a wide range of one-sided and double plan with a different type of stuffing (they are hard on the one hand and soft on the other).
The disadvantages of springless mats include the high price of latex models and some combined mattress options. The cost indicator is related to the type of filler used: the more expensive the components, the higher the price of the mat. Unfortunately, this factor is often baffled by buyers, forcing them to look for more acceptable options not to the detriment of their preferences and budget.
Not all rigid structures of the mattress without springs are designed for excessive weight and careless operation. For example, on coconut mattresses you can not jump: they are not elastic and can break. They have a small thickness, so they are not suitable for those who have a lot of weight.
Varieties, pros and cons of spring models
Spring mattresses have long been known. The modern principle of their work is somewhat different from the original, so they are in the center of attention and are no less popular than the springless counterparts.
Unlike the three types of springs (snake, bonnel and independent type), the spring mattress has only two:
Snake is the base of the sofa or bed, but is not a mattress. A separate (independent) block is placed on it, therefore the snake is a kind of alternative to the trellised wood lamellae, although it is inferior to them in that it springs and does not reduce the load on the mat.
The first type of spring block design is called Bonnel and is a metal elements of twisted shape, which are arranged vertically (perpendicular to the base of the mat), connected not only with the mattress net itself, but also among themselves (dependent on each other under load). Independent spring block arranged a little differently. At the base remains the steel mesh and twisted vertical springs. However, they are packaged in individual cases of breathable fabric, so they do not connect with each other.
To make the grid solid, not springs are fastened, but covers. Such a system provides an advantage to the block, expressed in supporting the correct position of the spine in any condition (lying or sitting).
In some types of spring blocks, for the maximum effect, a second is added to each spring, which begins to compress only with increased load. This adds to the design reliability and prolongs the life of the mattress.
One of the features of spring blocks is the need to use springless fillers in them. This is necessary for two reasons:
- without soft filler, the springs will sink into the body;
- besides elasticity, the block needs to be given the correct rigidity.
The advantages of spring mattresses include:
- practicality and durability of the metal frame of the mattress;
- comfort and convenience in the combined block designs;
- supporting the correct position of the spine in mats of independent type;
- long-term operation of the mat due to the combination of springs and springless filler;
- reduction of pain and anatomical support of the back during sleep and rest on the bed;
- a large selection of models of universal and non-standard size, designed for different number of beds;
- different number of springs depending on the structural features of the unit (from 500 to 700 pieces pergrid;);
- presence in the line of options with double springs, designed for two places with different weight categories.
The disadvantage of the models is the stretchability of steel elements. Such designs are sensitive to instantaneous loads. They can not jump, stretching the spring, because it will affect the life of the unit.
The main differences between mattresses: a comparison of qualities and indicators
Each type of mattress has its own advantages and disadvantages. Both in one and in the second form there are very good options for stuffing, thanks to which the mattress will be not only comfortable, but also the most correct for body position.
General Regardless of the type of block, mattresses are designed to ensure a quality sleep, so necessary in conditions of rapid pace of life. It is from them depends on the indicator of the rigidity of the bed. According to the degree of rigidity, both types of mattresses are:
- medium hardness;
Each type is designed according to a certain weight. For example, soft mats are not designed for people with overweight, because in this case, they sell quickly and force a person to take unnatural poses instead of a comfortable sleep.Rigid structures of both types are equally demanded. Depending on the model, they are designed for an average weight of one or two people and imply a load of up to 100 (1 place) and about 200 kg (two places).
Hard mattresses are not a wooden base at all. In fact, it is an elastic and solid variety, one of the most beneficial to human health. Due to the composition of the filler, in both cases, hard mats are the prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. It is important to know that they do not cure the problems of the back, waist and neck, but relieve muscle tension, relaxing them, which reduces pain.
Differences. The main thing worth noting is the noiselessness of springless mattresses. Since they do not have metal elements that stretch under load, they cannot creak under pressure. Due to the absence of steel elements, springless mattresses are safe for health. Even with their enhanced operation, the filler does not fall out and does not stick out, which in the spring mats can injure the skin.
Because of the metal components, spring mattresses are able to accumulate static electricity, exerting a magnetic effect on a person. In mats without springs there is no magnetic field.Spring mattresses themselves are not orthopedic and need additional interlayers to achieve optimally firm surfaces. Springless options can be independent, while having not only an orthopedic effect, but also the correct multi-level load distribution in some models (in each of the seven sections of the block).
If we compare the spring block of the independent type of Pocket Spring and the latex mat, their service life is approximately the same (15 years). At the same time, in terms of performance, they are approximately equal, provide the right support for the spine and relax the muscles while the person is sleeping.
The spring block “Bonel” is distinguished by the reinforced edges of the mat, which is reflected in the quality of rest and is a minus of such mattresses. One of the characteristics of the variants with dependent type springs is wave formation, which springless analogs do not have. In addition, unlike stuffing without springs, spring designs can trap moisture, which can cause rust.
One of the interesting differences is the fact that springless cushioning materials can be both with a core,and with the interlayer of the block, varying at the same time the degree of rigidity (for example, the block with the latex core and the coconut interlayer will be hard, and the variant with coir in the center and latex along the edges - moderately hard). The springs are always the heart of the block, they can be located only inside.
How to choose the appropriate type?
Choosing the ideal type of mattress, it is important to rely on the knowledge of the features and stated requirements. It is necessary to take into account that mattresses for adults and children are different, therefore they are selected strictly individually. They are selected based on weight, height and existing health problems. It is important that the mat be able to relax the muscles in the desired areas of the body and provide minimal pressure on the spine without deforming it.
For a child
When purchasing a mattress, it is important to know that the savings in this case is unacceptable. Due to the large selection of models of structures, you can pick up a really good option, preventing the appearance of problems of the back and incorrect development of posture.
When buying a children's mattress for a child, it is important to consider the following recommendations of specialists:
- in the choice of filler it is necessary to give preference to hypoallergenic materials or packing of natural origin with antimicrobial impregnation;
- spring mattresses that can harm the correct formation of the posture and skeleton as a whole are absolutely contraindicated for young children;
- the mattress for the baby should be chosen exactly according to the size of the crib to eliminate the possibility of injury to the extremities;
- universal purchase “for growth” is inadmissible, because what is suitable for an adult is not always good for a child;
- choosing a children's mattress, it is worth considering the age, selecting up to 3 years - a hard block, from three to adolescence - a variant of moderate hardness (ideally, this is a whole coconut block or a combined version of latex and coir);
- the block should not be too thick: a thickness of 8 to 10 cm is sufficient.
In addition, when buying a baby mattress, you need to take care of an additional removable cover, because such an accessory is a must. Thanks to him, the mattress will always look like new.
For an adult
What you need to pay attention to:
- To the mattress promotes serene and proper sleep, you should not buy soft options. Such a filler will be pressed through faster than the others, so foam of T type can not even be considered.If the mattress implies a long life, it is worth investing money correctly, choosing between three designs: a combination of latex and coir, a latex block or a variant with independent springs.
- Do not forget about age. For example, when buying a model for an elderly person, it is better to give preference to mattresses with a moderate degree of rigidity: they are contraindicated as too soft and too hard types of mattresses. The same rule applies to patients who are sensitive to even a light touch on sore spots of the body.
- It is important to keep in mind the correct dimensions of the mattress. You can not make a purchase without taking into account the parameters of the bed: a lack of length or width of the bed will affect the quality of sleep and face a chronic lack of sleep, because the body should straighten over night. If the mattress turns out to be larger than necessary, it will not fit into the space provided for the bed and may arch, forming tubercles and disturbing the natural position of the spine.
- Do not buy a spring mat with the transfer of motion: springiness, transmitted on the principle of a wave from each turn on the bed, will deprive the sleep of comfort.
- Foam rubber standard type can not even be considered: This filler is permissible only as a layer of the side faces of the spring block, although in general it is both cheap and the most poor-quality type of stuffing. As a rule, it is not enough even for 5 years of service: it quickly rolls and shakes off.
- If the weight of a person is large enough, it is necessary to give preference to the springless versions of the block. An overweight body too quickly suppresses the spring mat, stretching the twisted elements and deforming the surface.
- When choosing an option for an adult, you should follow the rule: the lower the weight, the softer the surface (unlike children, who need a hard surface to properly form the skeleton).
Opinions of customers regarding the choice are ambiguous. Reviews left on the forums of manufacturers and stores of relevant products, quite bright:
- About springless. Some buyers prefer springless mattresses, choosing them for noiselessness, density and the absence of wave formation under the weight load. Fans of such mats in the comments note the optimal rigidity and durability of the blocks during continuous operation.
- On the orthopedic effect. Many opinions are devoted to the orthopedic effect of blocks. There is a significant preponderance towards springless mattress models. Reviews suggest that springless versions are better suited for the prevention of pain in the back, lower back and limbs, removing pain and numbness of the limbs.
- About spring mattresses. The forums dedicated to the topic of choosing between spring and springless unit have a lot of heated discussions in which buyers note the reliability of blocks with springs. Fans of such designs produce mattresses with independent springs. These mats do not creak even after several years of daily use. Sleeping on these mattresses is comfortable and convenient. Buyers note that in the morning they wake up rested and cheerful, ready for a new working day.
When asked which mattress is better, expert Anton Privolny will answer.