The sleep of a modern person should not only be comfortable. It is important that along with muscle relaxation and recuperation, the body is in the correct position, and the spine is provided with the necessary support. Properly organize sleep can only hard mattresses. They stand out against the background of their counterparts near differences.
Characteristics, pros and cons
Hard mattresses are the only mats that can make a person’s rest not only comfortable, but also correct. Unlike analogs of the soft structure, such mattresses exclude unnatural bends of the spine during sleep, which is very harmful to health.
Hard mattresses are not wooden structures at all, as many mistakenly believe. In reality, such mats are blocks with special orthopedic padding that, with a rigid base, can provide the user with complete muscle relaxation, reduce the load on the spine, and relieve pain in the back, waist and neck. Such blocks are recognized as excellent prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. If you sleep on hard mattresses and perform a set of special exercises prescribed by an orthopedic doctor, you can gradually get rid of scoliosis, posture problems, and headaches.
Hard mats have a number of features. They:
- made from raw materials of natural and synthetic origin;
- depending on the type of construction, they have a different structure and thickness of the block;
- provide a berth perfectly flat surface;
- differ in the degree of rigidity, allowing you to choose the option based on the recommendations of the doctor or your own preferences;
- they can be one-sided or two-sided, with different effects on each side;
- designed for users of different ages (from infant to elderly);
- imply a different weight load, taking into account the size of the bed and the number of beds;
- differ in the different form of the block (standard and non-standard);
- manufactured in a mass and individual way (to order for specific measurements and the shape of the bed);
- based on the components of the block, differ in cost.
Despite the fact that hard mattresses are the best types of block on the bed, they provide for careful operation. You can not jump on them, jump: the packing of the block may break, as it is not elastic. When buying such a unit for children, it is necessary to take into account children's activity, trying to prevent breakage.
In addition, you can not exceed the permissible load: people with excess weight, such models are not suitable. Firstly, the position of a user with excessive weight on such a mattress will be uncomfortable and painful. Secondly, the block may break under the weight of an overweight body. Another disadvantage is the restriction of the use of hard mattresses for the elderly. So buyers recommended designs softer.
By type of structure hard mattresses are of two types:
The first type is a cast plan of a single rigid fiber, dressed in a textile case. These are the toughest mats without an additional softening padding layer. Options of the combined type are more diverse.. They have a different basis, however, they are always supplied with additional packing (in one or several layers) to impart the necessary degree of rigidity to the structure.
By type of foundation, hard mattresses are divided into:
Each species has its own characteristics, pros and cons. In any of the categories, you can choose a truly high-quality and practical models with the necessary orthopedic effect. Both in one and in the other case, special filling is used in hard mattresses, which determines the basic properties of the unit, its durability and practicality.
Features springless mattresses
Springless hard mats are orthopedic types of blocks. They do not have expandable metal elements, so the surface will always be unchanged, not subject to deformation. Such mattresses are made more often from hypoallergenic natural raw materials, so they do not cause negative skin sensations (irritation, itching, redness). In most products, they are very elastic, have good air exchange, which eliminates the formation of an environment for the development of fungus, mold and rot.
These blocks are environmentally friendly and safe to use. Due to the fact that there is no metal in them, they do not accumulate static electricity, do not irritate with a creak, are safe for humans (which is especially important in choosing a model for children). Another advantage is their resistance to absorption of odors and moisture. They dry quickly in a natural way, designed for long life (10 - 15 years).
Models of natural stuffing are more perfect: they do not emit toxic substances, and therefore eliminate the discomfort associated with the appearance of headache, difficulty breathing.
The only thing that is important to consider when choosing such blocks is the composition of the adhesive component (preferably natural resin instead of rubber), then sleep will be complete.
The most correct stuffing of hard mats is coconut coir. It is made of their coconut peel by soaking, combing and processing. In addition to the fibrous material, the producers use coconut chips or the needle-punched method of assembling the mat, when the raw material is attached to the woven base. However, if you need a quality mat from coconut, you should opt for the fiber, impregnated with latex to maintain shape.
An equally good type of hard block filler is natural or synthetic latex. The natural type of stuffing is obtained during the processing of hevea tree sap (it grows in the tropics), synthetic filler is its counterpart, not so elastic, but rather tough. In its structure, latex is a porous block with holes in the shape of cells, differing in different depth and diameter. This filler is somewhat softer than coir; it has different levels of hardness in all zones of the block. This contributes to the uniform distribution of body load without harm to health.
Spring mattresses, although considered to be orthopedic, actually have an orthopedic effect exclusively under certain conditions. It does not matter for which bed they are bought (single or double), the main thing is that their design consists of small double springs and is of independent type. This means that the grid should consist of vertical twisted elements of more than 1000 pieces. on 1 square.m, and it is better if the springs are double: in each of them there is another one of smaller diameter (“Multipack” and “Micro Pack”). The design feature is that each spring is packed in a textile case of breathable textiles. Covers are interconnected, maintaining the integrity of the frame.
With pressure on a mat of this type, only external springs work, and internal springs are connected exclusively with increased pressure on the mattress. Due to this feature, the position of the spine is correct, and due to the hard layer of additional stuffing, an orthopedic effect is maintained. The structure of such a block is as follows: the core consists of a large number of springs, they are covered with coir or latex, a layer of holofiber, strattofiber, spandbond, felt or polyurethane foam is added on top. These mattresses are softer than springless, so in some cases they are suitable as a block on the bed for the elderly. As for children, such models cannot be bought either in the cradle or in the crib, even if the springs are very small and covered with a thick layer of coconut layer.
Degrees of rigidity
Despite the fact that the mattresses are called hard, their degree of rigidity is ambiguous. There are three levels of mattress hardness:
- moderately hard;
Soft options in the group of hard blocks do not fall. They are spring or springless, however, do not provide adequate support for the spine, bend under the weight and curl posture, day after day, while the person is sleeping. The only obstacle to harming human health in such blocks are the slats located at the base of the bed. They are lattice crossbars of wood, spaced at equal distances from each other.
The mattresses of medium hardness differ from very hard blocks, they are considered the golden mean, are universal, designed for the average weight of one or two users, fit healthy and sick people, and are not limited in age categories. Products of high rigidity are selected for medical reasons. Despite the seeming unsuitability for sleep, such designs are convenient and relevant, and especially in childhood. For example, they help the formation of the posture of a newborn whose spine does not yet have the necessary bends. If you compare them with the usual spring mattresses, then the second type will disturb the development of posture: the back of the baby will not be able to relax overnight and will bend day after day.
One of the types of hard mats is a design with different stiffness of beds. These mattresses are designed for two partners with different weights.. Their difference is the different method of filler composition. At the same time, the unit does not lose its qualities and service life. As a rule, in such a block there is always a rigid (orthopedic) basis and there is an additional layer of a different thickness necessary to support the spine.
If we compare the stiffness of spring and springless blocks, then the toughest are the second ones. You can not just go and buy a hard mattress without special recommendations, based only on the opinion of the seller. In some cases, such models really help health, in others they can aggravate the problem. For example, in osteochondrosis, it is preferable to replace such mattresses with moderately rigid ones.
The sizes of hard mattresses do not differ from all existing analogues. They are made for beds of standard sizes, designed for children, one or two adults. Therefore, the parameters of the mat can be small, medium or large, as well as non-standard (round, square).
It is worth noting that each manufacturer sets its own standards of furniture, so the size of the mattress can vary. Typically, the parameters are indicated in centimeters, although some firms use a millimeter measurement system (for example, 1200 to 1800, 2000 to 2000 mm). Children's models are 50x60, 100x60, 120x60 cm. The smallest ones are meant for a stroller or a cradle. For preschool children and adolescents, companies produce models whose dimensions are 140x70, 80x150, 70x160, 80x160 cm.
Options for high school students and adults have large parameters of length and width. Based on the number of beds, they can be 90x190, 140x190, 75x195, 80x200, 90x200, 200x120, 140x200, 160x200, 180x200. Models with a size of 190x140 cm and more are suitable for full double beds. Spacious mattresses accommodating a family of three, even more: 200x200, 210x200, 210x240 cm.
Tips for choosing
Immediately it is worth understanding that the choice of a hard mattress is individual: for a specific person you need to purchase your own mattress. This may not be the first option you like, as each person’s health is different. The choice is made thoroughly, taking into account all the nuances:
- Before buying you need to view information about the models on the websites of manufacturers, given the size in accordance with the weight and the number of beds;
- the store should verify the quality of the goods, asking for a certificate and knowing the conditions of the guarantee;
- high-quality mattress has a removable cover with a zipper, so you can open the design, determine the rigidity and the structure of the unit;
- If a coir of a dark brown color saturated with natural resin or latex is inside the coconut mat, this is a good mattress that will last long enough;
- the pale shade of coir speaks of an immature fiber, which will reduce the service life, reflecting on the quality of the block;
- the size of the mattress should ideally fit into the frame of the bed (if it is larger, it will start to bend, deforming the surface of the bed and harming the spine);
- if you need an orthopedic mattress to prevent problems of the spine and back, you should pay attention to the springless block of latex or coir of the combined type or the two-sided “winter-summer” model (with a warm layer on one side and a cotton layer on the other);
- in choosing the degree of rigidity, the following rule should be taken into account: the lower the weight, the lower the density of the bed (does not apply to children and the prevention of back diseases);
- older people after 50 are not recommended to design high rigidity due to the weakening of the muscles that support the spine;
- for pain in the spine, you should consult a doctor: usually these users are not recommended too hard mattresses (the best option for the block for them is considered to be the latex version of moderate hardness);
- with osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, incorrect posture and problems of the upper spine should pay attention to the rigid structure on the spring or medium hardness on a springless basis;
- Only springless hard mattresses made of coconut fiber are relevant for children: they provide a comfortable position during sleep.
To make the mattress last for a long time, you should take care of a moisture-resistant mattress cover made of non-slip fabric of natural origin. It is advisable to choose an option with antimicrobial impregnation or treatment with silver ions. Since the product is purchased for a long time, the color of the cover also matters. Despite the fact that removable covers can be removed and washed, close bed linen, color mattress topper with a print is more practical.
How to make the mattress tougher or softer?
In fact, it is very simple, because the manufacturers of mattresses produce such mats, taking into account the interests of the user. These mattresses are called bilateral. They are a block with varying degrees of rigidity on both sides. It is made of one or two varieties of filler, supplemented with a soft pad on one side. If you want to increase the rigidity, it is worth turning the mat with the hard side. When it is necessary to soften the surface of the block, it is turned over by the other side.
Constructions with different rigidity of the sides are convenient because, in addition to varying the degree of rigidity, they prevent the mat from caking, eliminating its sagging and deformation. They are bought for children and adults, because sometimes a purchased mattress may not be suitable. In this case, the medium hard surface will save the situation, eliminate the need to return the mat to the seller, which is often problematic.
Hard mattresses are recognized as a useful acquisition for their health.This is evidenced by the feedback left on the forums dedicated to children's health and the sites of stores selling such mats. Hard blocks are in great demand. Buyers note that sleeping on them is comfortable and convenient.
Opinions are ambiguous in the choice of mattress stiffness. Some buyers, having tested on themselves the density of mattresses, say that they feel the difference in the thickness of the layer of coconut fiber, which should be more than 1 cm. Often they lack rigidity. Others seek to find a middle ground in order to make the dream useful and comfortable at the same time. Therefore, they are suspicious of monolithic mattresses.
As for hard blocks, they are more often bought for children, since they are purchased according to the recommendations of pediatricians and orthopedists. Parents who care about the health of their children, note that the sleep of babies on such mattresses is initially accompanied by turning in search of a comfortable posture, and then becomes serene and long. Having slept, children often wake up in a good mood and behave actively.
The following video will help you decide on the choice of a mattress.