How to make a pool in the country with their own hands?
Cottage - a place where we relax from the bustle of the city. Perhaps the most relaxing effect is water. Having built a pool at the dacha, you “kill two birds with one stone”: give the garden plot a luxurious look and enjoy swimming in the clear water.
Construction of the facility can be ordered from companies directly involved in this type of service, but an independent solution to the problem will be much more interesting and more budgetary. Moreover, building a pool with your own hands is not as difficult as it seems at first glance.
Depending on the service life allocate temporary and fixed pools. Each of them has its own characteristics that must be considered when choosing one or another option.Stationary are durable structures that do not move from one place to another. Their bowl is a monolith made of concrete, brick, etc. Moving such an object will cause its destruction.
The temporary pool can be removed if the summer season is over and use it again the following year. This category includes inflatable pools and frame structures. Their service life is 2-4 years.
For the pool, which will be used only in summer, any place will do. Inflatable pools - this is a cheap option that does not require major changes on the site.
If you chose a stationary pool, before you dig it up, you need to choose the right location on the site. After all, to move such a structure after the completion of all work on its creation will not work.
There are several important points to consider:
- Trees They should not be near the pool for two reasons. The first is the root system, which adversely affects the waterproofing of the pool. The second - foliage, polluting the water surface. If the leaves are not removed in time, the water “blooms” and the pool loses its attractiveness.
- Soil type Ideal if your site has a clay soil.It does not let water through, which is important if a waterproofing damage occurs.
- Direction of the wind. The pool will somehow be littered with wind-blown trash. It will nail to a specific board. Therefore, make it so that it is there that cleaning the pool was as convenient as possible and you could quickly remove the foliage, blades of grass, etc. It is necessary to place the drain system here.
- Water pipes. Placing the pool close to the plumbing, you will ensure the ease and speed of filling the bowl.
If you decide to install a frame pool, try to make sure that the surface reserved for it is absolutely flat. Potholes, bumps, dents, remnants of the roots of trees - all this should not be. Ideally, the site is concreted, creating a smooth base for the pool.
The monolithic pool is a one-piece tight construction with its own drainage system. Created by own hands, it will not only save money, but also allow you to equip the site in the best way.
The advantages of the monolithic construction are obvious. In comparison with all possible pool options, monolithic is the most durable. The term of its operation exceeds 50 years.Designs are not afraid of temperature drops, mechanical effects. If the soil on the site is “problematic”, a monolithic pool will be the only option that can be used at the cottage.
Another advantage of a monolithic pool is the variety of forms. The bowl can be made as the correct form, and unusual, which will look very impressive. Using different finishing materials (mosaic, tile, stone), you turn the pool into a real masterpiece.
After the end of the swimming season, the water drains, some of the equipment is removed. If the country house is left without a host for the winter, nothing threatens the basin, it is simply impossible to steal it.
Beginners who do not have enough experience in the construction industry, to make such an object will seem difficult. Will require some financial costs. It is not recommended to save money, as this may cause damage and repairs will cause serious damage. Therefore, we use only high quality material.
Construction is carried out step by step. Initially, a excavation is excavated, then a drainage system is created, insulation is equipped. The design is sealed and reinforced, the bowl is poured.The last stage - finishing.
A monolithic pool can be created in two ways: by pouring concrete formwork into the concrete or using polystyrene foam blocks.
Consider the first option. Initially we determine the size (large, medium, mini) and the shape of the future pool. Of course, the larger the structure, the more construction materials and facilities will be required. The pit should be slightly larger than the intended size, since the bottom and walls will occupy about 50 cm of thickness.
A draft of the pool water supply and drainage system is being developed. This is a necessary condition for the proper functioning of the object.
So that the walls of the excavated pit do not crumble, they are made under a slope of 5 degrees. After the foundation pit is ready, proceed to bottom filling, tamping and waterproofing. Sand is poured at the bottom (layer thickness - 15 cm), then rubble (thickness - 15 cm). The layers are carefully tamped down, the waterproofing double layer of roofing material is laid on them. Its edges should go on the wall at 20 cm.
Before you start pouring the bowl, it is necessary to make a metal frame structure of class A3 reinforcement. For bonding of reinforcement only wire is used.Welding work is not allowed, as the joints will rust over time. The distance between the horizontal varies from 10 to 50 cm, vertical - from 20 to 30.
The reinforcement for one pass is considered ideal. This method makes the design of the most durable and sustainable. However, in reality, this process is difficult to perform. Therefore, first pour the bottom of the bowl, and then the wall. It is important to note that the bottom should not be completely flat. It is necessary to make a slight deviation of 3 degrees and fix the drain pipe at the lowest point of the pool.
The solution hardens 1-1.5 weeks. To prevent cracks in the drying process, moisten the pool with water. While the pool dries out, you can do the arrangement of communications: dig a trench for the drain pipe, lay it at an angle.
When pouring mortar walls it is required to build a wooden formwork. It is desirable to fill the solution with the help of special vibration settings. That is what will make the pool durable.
After the solution has dried, proceed to the finishing of the pool: joints between seams are sealed, the surface is covered with water-repellent impregnations.To make the water in the pool cast blue, PVC film of the appropriate color is used. This will not only make the pool incredibly beautiful, but also provide additional sealing.
The final stage is the installation of equipment that will supply, clean and disinfect water. The pool can be decorated with beautiful and useful accessories: stairs, ladders, lighting, etc.
The pool can also be made using polystyrene foam blocks. The first stages are identical to those described above: we dig the foundation pit, create a drainage system, stretch the drain line, fill the bottom with concrete.
After the bottom of the bowl has dried, blocks of expanded polystyrene are laid around its perimeter. The material is lightweight, easy to connect. The height of the block is standard - 25 cm. Calculate the amount of consumable material is simple: the height of the pool is divided by 25. So we find out how many rows it will take to build the walls of the bowl. The blocks have vertical holes for reinforcing bars. Concrete is poured after fittings are installed.
The walls, lined with blocks, covered with a layer of plaster, which has water-repellent properties.After it dries, proceed to the finish. As well as in the first case, you can use PVC film, tile.
At the last stage, we install equipment that fills, purifies and disinfects the water in the pool. The pool can be made indoor if you build a carport. To keep the water warm enough, use special equipment to warm it.
The construction of polystyrene foam blocks is much simpler than the reinforcement of concrete and walls, and the bottom. However, it can not be called economical.
Multi-level homemade pool not only looks very impressive. Its walls look like steps, blending smoothly into the bottom. This design is ideal if the family has children. They will be happy to splash in the water, sitting on the steps at a safe depth.
Once you have decided on the shape and number of levels of the pool, we begin to dig a pit. Step dig out gradually. We dig the next step only after the previous one has been concreted. Be sure to make a test water inlet, which will let you know if the structure is airtight.
Installation of additional equipment is not required. This is the easiest and cheapest option.Periodically, the water is pumped out with the help of a submersible pump and changes to fresh.
Multi-level swimming pool can be made not only of concrete. There are a lot of materials for its creation. No less reliable is the construction of polypropylene.
We choose a place for the future of the pool, carry out all the necessary measures for marking and proceed to digging the pit. The bottom of the bowl form several layers. The first is formed by geotextile. This is followed by crushed stone (layer thickness 30 cm). The layer of poured concrete must be 20 cm. Before pouring concrete, we create a grid of reinforcement with cells of 25x25 cm. The grid should not be laid directly on the concrete. Under it we enclose bricks.
Filling the bottom must be done at one time. It will take a lot of concrete mix, so the ideal solution would be to order the mix in a mixer. We get polypropylene of different thickness: 5 mm and 8 mm. The first is more plastic, easily bent. Therefore, we will use it for the construction of the stairs. Connect polypropylene parts using a welding extruder. Welding of the bottom is carried out in the pit itself.
When welding walls to the bottom, make sure that they do not move.For fixing use wooden bars. The ladder is fastened last. Next, on the outside of the structure, stiffening ribs are attached (we use 8mm polypropylene), the distance between which is 60 cm. The foam insulation is filled with these 60 cm.
After the pipeline system has been laid, the perimeter pool on the outside is poured with concrete in several stages. One stage is a layer 30 cm high. In this case, the formwork should be placed both on the outside and on the inside of the pool. Thus, polypropylene is not deformed by concrete. It is also necessary to draw water into the bowl in stages, the level of which will be equal in height to the level of the concrete layer located outside.
For the decoration of the finished pool, use the available tools and items: chairs with cozy cushions, sun loungers, beach umbrellas, etc.
The decorative pool differs in the small sizes. It is often compared to a pond. To make such an object itself is easy, the cost of creating it is minimal. It will be a real highlight of your summer cottage. And since you will be able to refine and decorate it at your own discretion,the pond will be exclusive.
A place for a decorative pond is chosen so that the sun illuminates its surface only half a day. Too much sun will negatively affect the condition of the entire ecosystem of the reservoir. The shape of the pond and the style of the site should be a single whole. The circle is ideal for the landscape in the English style, the oval is used to create Chinese and Japanese style.
Initially, we are digging a pit that matches the size and shape of your reservoir. Its minimum depth is 1 meter, the area is 4 square meters. m. If you make a pond from a bath, then the shape of the pool should match it. Do not despair if you have no finished bowl. You can build a decorative pool of any shape, even the most incredible.
Note that the bottom of the pit should be flat: no stones, tree roots, sharp objects. We use sand as a drainage layer. Next is laid composite material - durable film. Ordinary polyethylene is not suitable for such needs, as it does not differ in strength. Ideal options - polyvinyl chloride or butyl rubber. Butyl rubber has a different thickness, which allows you to optimally choose such a coating for your pond.
The edges of the film should go beyond the edges of the pit so that they can be fixed with large stones and covered with rubble or pebbles. The pond needs a device that circulates water. Otherwise, the water in your pond will quickly “bloom” and the pond will lose its appeal. The pond will not interfere with the lighting system, which effectively allocates it at night.
To give the pond a natural and aesthetic look, the bottom is laid out with beautiful stones. Along the perimeter we place plants (creeping and shrubs are ideal) and a variety of decorative elements: garden figures, plastic flower vases, lanterns.
To the pond was always beautiful, it is necessary to monitor him. In the spring we make the first inspection of the reservoir. We check how the plants overwinter, whether the shore of the pond has crumbled, and remove the foliage that has fallen since autumn. With the advent of heat, we supplement the area around the pond with new plants.
In the summer, it is necessary to carefully monitor the water level in the pool, since during heat the evaporation is intense. The territory adjacent to the pond is weed free. In the autumn, we prepare the pond for winter: we remove dried grass, we transfer the flowers in the pots to home warmth.
The arrangement of the pool is impossible without a cleaning system.If you do not use a special device, the water in the pool will become dirty, an unpleasant smell will appear. On its surface there will be a specific plaque.
The budget option is to use a pump for pumping water. You make a complete discharge of polluted water and fill the pool with a clean one. But in this method there is one drawback: it will take time to warm the water again.
You can install a special installation with a filter for cleaning. Two pipes are supplied to the pump. One of them drains the water, the second delivers the cleaned and passed through the filter back to the pool. Filters are sand, cartridge, diatom.
Chemical reagents are also used for cleaning and disinfection. These include chlorine, bromine, rehydrol or funds specifically designed for this. Before use, be sure to read the instructions.
Blowed by the wind clean the garbage by hand with a net.
Beautiful examples and options
The frame outdoor pool - the successful decision for the seasonal dacha. It is durable, easily assembled and dismantled. This is a budget and easy way to please yourself and your family with great outdoor recreation.A distinctive feature of this pool is the high sides, which does not always look aesthetically pleasing. But it gives unlimited freedom of fantasy to hide the sides and give the object a beautiful look.
Create a light stone surface around the pool. A touch of greenery will add flowers, located in pots of different sizes. At the same time observe the unity of colors. It is appropriate to look pots brown, in harmony with the outer lining of the pool and a wooden staircase.
If the frame pool is completely submerged in the pit, trimmed with a mosaic or stone perimeter, plant trees, then it will be a very beautiful option for any suburban area.
For a small frame pool can be built canopy. Because of this, you can enjoy swimming in any weather, even in rainy. Particularly interesting is the similarity of the tent.
The frame does not necessarily have to be closed. Build a platform within which there will be a pool. The edges of the platform do in the form of a lattice fence. Cover the lower part from prying eyes with an abundance of flowers and plants.
Particularly impressive is the pool with glass walls.Of course, to create it will require special knowledge and skills.
Illumination of various colors makes the pool a fabulous and romantic place, which you can enjoy even at night.
Outdoor pools strike a variety of forms. Pool-violin will appreciate the creative and creative nature.
Often, the owners decorate their pools with miniature waterfalls, alpine slides, turning them into a real masterpiece. Several separate bowls are placed at different levels.
An unusual element of the decor is a bridge that divides the reservoir into two zones.
How to make a pool with your own hands, see the following video.