Subtleties improvement cottage sites
The ideas of closeness to nature are not new. They appeared more than three centuries ago and do not lose their relevance. Probably every person at least once in his life felt the desire to get away from the city rush, constant stress, to relax the soul. And for some people in the conditions of modern ecology country life helps to significantly improve health. Do not forget the role of summer cottage as an aid to the family budget in a crisis. Often it serves as a place of rest. But natural vegetables and fruits grown on their own will be a nice bonus.
First of all, the type of land plot depends on the purpose for which it is intended to be used. Use as a place for the cultivation of certain vegetables or fruits and berriescrops may not even provide for the construction of a house - it will be enough to temporary storage shed. When at the dacha it is planned not only to harvest, but also to spend time with friends, you can install a gazebo. And if you intend to spend the night or even live, you need a place to sleep, cooking and arranging the surrounding area, carrying out the necessary communications.
Seasonal nature of use is different from permanent. The building should be designed for year-round living, and communications (lighting, plumbing, heating) operating in different temperature conditions. There must be other buildings - garage, bath, greenhouse. The site itself should operate in different weather conditions - have solid tracks, good lighting, the possibility of entering in the winter. For autonomous existence, it is desirable to have a well (or well) or to have its own source of power generation (generator).
The internal equipment of the house (including furniture) should be resistant to temperature fluctuations when it is used irregularly.If you are not going to constantly maintain the same level of humidity or heat - choosing materials, first of all, evaluate their practicality.
Do not rush to demolish everything that was on the site before. Perhaps some objects of animate and inanimate nature will be useful for its decoration. Half-dug boulders or stumps will be the starting point of your fantasy.
Stylistic design entirely depends on the preferences of the owners. Probably, every person in his dreams has an image of a place where he can completely relax. Most ideas are easy to implement.
Russian style inspired by high fairy tale or low izba without a single nail. Its originality and simplicity is captivating. In addition to the carved decoration of the house, you can use symbolic carts, stoves, kegs, sandals, earthenware jugs, stuffed animals. The main material is wood (painted or painted with varnish or varnish). The ground in front of the house is covered with wooden flooring, as are the trails. The fence can be solid with a massive gate or low in the form of a fence or fell down.
European is similar to him country stylein which, along with wood, raw stones, straw, forged metal products are widely used. He is more discreet. Decorative elements of the house or gazebo will be floral motifs in the painting or other wood processing.
Vegetation should be natural - low-growing shrubs, wildflowers.
Garden in english style geometric, all lines are clear, shrubs and trees trimmed. Flower beds are symmetrical. Another result of the famous thoroughness of the British are well-groomed lawns. Thanks to many years of care and special varieties, they can play sports, relax, organize picnics, and this will not do them any harm.
At the heart of the famous japanese gardens stones is the idea of contemplation and meditation. It would seem that the cobblestones of different sizes laid in a chaotic order actually have a special meaning. The decor is a crane and a tortoise, which is a symbol of the height of the spirit and longevity, as well as the deity itself - the Buddha.
African styles amaze with their scale and luxury. The main attribute is a patio, well protected from prying eyes, with a constant pond in the form of a small pool or fountain. The walkways, the fence and the facade of the building are finished with motley mosaic tiles.If possible, plant exotic plants that can adapt to the appropriate climate.
No less impressive looks castle style. Of course, this design is more suitable for spacious areas, preferably with a pond, in which the structure will be reflected. The atmosphere of the Middle Ages will add arches, bridges, statues in the garden.
More modern style minimalism - a real godsend for conservatives who love seemingly simple, but at the same time functional solutions. High-tech is a reflection of all the technical and scientific achievements - the most sustainable materials, unusual shapes and spectacular design solutions.
Having received the property already equipped land, all subsequent improvement should be made taking into account the existing facilities. In this regard, the previously untapped land is much more convenient. However, its design is a complex, time-consuming process that will affect how everything will look after the modification and how convenient it is for people. In addition, it is necessary to make all the work as efficiently as possible, without unreasonable costs, harm to the environment and in accordance with existing rules and regulations.
All design solutions must be technically sound, since any land is an ecosystem. Disbalancing this system is quite simple, but to correct the consequences is much more difficult. Therefore, it is better if the project will be handled by specialists, or at least it is necessary to be able to get qualified advice on certain issues.
If you are going to design yourself, you should carefully study and consider the following factors:
- Information about the size and shape of the site (cadastral plan).
- Terms of access to utilities, boundaries and adjacent objects in the adjacent territory.
- The results of geological and geodetic studies (characteristics of the soil, topography, etc.)
Obtaining such information is quite a lengthy and expensive process, so the average values for the area and the accumulated experience in this area are often used.
You can use general tips:
- The most suitable for both farming and construction is a flat place without height differences. However, from any position you can take advantage.A house on a hill will always be dry, with a good view. Slope will always contribute to the accumulation of water, which is good for moisture-loving plants.
- The quality of the soil, even in one area may vary significantly. Therefore, if you plan to garden or garden, you may need to add fertilizer or even buy quality soil.
- The location of buildings and vegetation depends on the depth of the water.
- The terrain with a predominance of one or another wind at different times of the year will help not only to arrange the rooms in the house correctly, but also to choose the fence. You should not put a deaf fence around the perimeter. Soil and plants need a good air exchange. Trees and tall shrubs, too, are well sheltered from wind and snow drifts.
- Lighting is an important condition for the existence of all life. Therefore, it is necessary to plan the elements so that there is enough light for people and greenery.
Shadowed segments can not be avoided at all, but they can be adapted for household needs.
First of all, the division into zones depends on their purpose.
If you do not take into account very simple options, where the entire area is occupied by a garden or a vegetable garden, There are several main elements:
- a place to rest;
Depending on what the owner gives more value, one or another part of the scheme will take up more or less space, and some may not be at all.
As already discussed above, the location of the house, like other objects, is influenced by many factors. In addition to them, an important indicator is the area. In order to save space, the house can be located as close as possible to the border, and the rest of the area can be taken up in rows or trees. When they are not needed, the house can be placed in a more advantageous position.
If the facade represents a certain artistic value, it should be clearly visible from any point.
Ancillary and other rooms are usually placed so as not to spoil the appearance of the house, but with the expectation that the transition to them was not difficult.
- summer cuisine;
- buildings for storing inventory;
- boiler rooms;
- septic tanks.
Here it is necessary to keep the distance between the buildings in order to comply with sanitary and hygienic requirements and fire safety standards.First of all, they should be practical. And so that objects do not seem to be scattered, the general style is imperative.
All sorts of gazebos with places for barbecue or barbecue, sports and playgrounds are suitable for large areas. But even on six acres it is possible to allocate a place for barbecue and sandbox. Space for children's and active games must have special equipment and coverage. Scenic views and splashing of water contribute to the greatest relaxation.
The "green" zone may include a garden, vegetable garden, flower beds and other plantings in the garden plots. For people who like to grow organic products, this part will be the most extensive and located with the most optimal lighting.
The most popular zoning tools are:
- tracks (hard or natural);
- Shrubs, flower beds and hedges (if you use berry plants instead of ornamental bushes, you can use the area more efficiently);
- low, translucent and air-permeable fences (in case you want to protect landings, for example, from pets) with arches or wickets;
- height differences (natural or specially created);
- natural or artificial reservoirs.
The most common form of the suburban area is rectangular or elongated. If we consider as an example the land area of 10 acres, the basic principle is the sequential arrangement of zones one after another. First of all, a house is located near the entrance, which essentially closes the rest of the territory from prying eyes. The garden should not be located in front or in the middle, as it will pass through - it is less convenient and will bring more harm to plants.
If the territory is square, and the area is relatively small (5-6 acres), then the location options on it are relatively few. The most optimal is when housing takes one corner, and all the rest is located around it - and each of the corners is a separate zone divided by paths.
Any section tapering to one edge (for example, in the form of a triangle) should undergo a more careful layout. Usually in a narrow place or have household buildings, suitable in size, or an unusual recreation area, a garden.
If one of the sides forms a projection in the shape of the letter “G”, then the whole territory is conditionally divided into three parts. Depending on their size and have zones. As a rule, in the middle of this is a house, and on the sides - a seating area and garden.
The arbitrary shape of the dacha allows you to apply in the design not only straight lines with corners, but also wavy, semicircular and round.
On how to properly care for the site, see the following video.