Landscape design: decorating the site with flowers
The design of the garden plot is often created with the help of flower arrangements. In the flower bed you can plant both annuals and perennials. It is necessary to plan their location in advance. How to do it most successfully, you will learn from this article.
Features of use
With flower beds you can combine rock gardens, and stone hills, and sculptures. The regularity of the form is provided by annual plants. In the composition, viewed from all sides, tall plants are planted in the center.
Color also plays an important role. Warm shades enhance mood, and cold soothe. Neutral shades are used to emphasize and emphasize details. However, red in abundance can tire, and violet oppress and create a gloomy atmosphere. In contrast, white flowers give the composition some lightness and airiness.
Plants with bright inflorescences are ideal for accenting any design details. Dahlias with asters, roses with carnations, Dummond phloxes, bells, marigolds, gladioli will add rich colors to the overall palette. For a harmonious combination, it is recommended to choose up to three different colors and use only them in the design.
Roses are very popular with both landscape designers and amateur gardeners. These extraordinarily beautiful flowers can play a variety of roles in the composition. A rose can act as the basis of the whole composition, and it can recede into the background, because there are varieties that are distinguished by their miniature size and small inflorescences. They are able to emphasize the attractiveness of other colors.
A wide range of varieties allows you to choose bushes that are suitable in color and size. At the same time, even the smallest area can be decorated with a miniature rose, which looks very elegant. In addition, roses are perfectly combined with other plants in the garden.
In landscape design most often used the following varieties of roses:
- Climbing large leaf. This is a curly shrub for which growth is needed support. It grows quickly and is great for creating a hedge or arch. They should be planted at a distance of 0.5 m from each other, pruning is carried out in the autumn period;
- Canadian. Differs in beauty and the refined form. The variety tolerates low temperatures and diseases quite well. At the same time the plant is unpretentious and does not require special care. Therefore, these roses are well taken root in different areas and grow a lush bush;
- English. Differs in that blooms throughout the year. Inflorescences have different shades and densely strew the twigs. Austin hybrid roses can also be attributed to this variety;
- Ground cover It is a woven plant that is often combined with other varieties of roses or with other plants. Inflorescences have a calm shade and shade bright colors well;
- Park. The variety does not require special care, resistant to frost. In winter, there is no need to cover roses from wind and cold. Inflorescences can have a variety of colors and shades, which makes it possible to create interesting compositions;
- Floribunda. Differs unpretentiousness, resistance to cold and decorative. A distinctive feature is the flower, which is like a wave.During the summer of buds becomes more and more, from which the roses become very lush and bright.
Hydrangeas can also decorate the plot. Total known about 35 varieties of these flowers, most of which are greenhouse and indoor species.
However, in our climatic conditions, only two of them are able to settle well and blossom:
- Paniculata. It is characterized by large, bright leaves. Inflorescences visually resemble a panicle, hence the name of the flower. By the panicle hydrangea applies hydrangea Bobo.
- Tree In height, it can grow to three meters. It blooms from mid-summer to late fall (July-October). The flowers are white, gathered in corymbose inflorescences. Visually, these inflorescences look like a saucer. The plant prefers a place well lit by the sun and does not tolerate shade.
Basically, planting hydrangea in open ground. In this case, seedlings that have reached about five years of age take root best of all.
The landing itself can be divided into several main stages:
- Choosing a place. The root system of the plant is branched, so it needs free space. It is important to avoid close proximity with other colors, especially with bulbous;
- Prepare the ground. The soil should be neutral or acidic, alkaline free.Therefore, the soil can not be mixed with ash, chalk and lime;
- We make fertilizers. To ensure rapid growth and rapid flowering, it is advisable to fertilize the soil with mineral organic fertilizers, brown peat or sawdust;
- Planting flowers. We prepare the hole for saplings about 60 cm wide and 40 cm deep. Between the bushes you need to maintain a distance of at least 2.5 meters. Pre-roots need to be shortened slightly, and cut off the shoots and leave only a few buds.
Hydrangeas can be planted in spring and autumn. Spring planting will allow the roots to more securely strengthened for the winter.
Perennial plants are ideal for creating a shady garden. This solution provides for the selection of certain plants, since not all varieties of flowers are able to grow and bloom in shady areas. These include ornamental host and fern. They boast an unusual color and shape of foliage.
Also in a shady area an ordinary garden lily grows well. But if the choice fell on these graceful flowers, it is important to remember that under favorable conditions, they very quickly grow in the area and are quite aggressive to other plants that can eventually die. Excellent survival in the shady garden and forest dweller - lungwort.It blooms very lushly and in spring it will be able to revive a garden that has not yet woken up after winter.
Near the decorative ponds almost all the plants are taking root perfectly.
The most popular are:
- Garden and Siberian iris;
Rock garden - a popular solution among landscape designers. With it, you can radically transform a plot, accent any particular corner or, on the contrary, disguise an unnecessary area. To create a rock garden the most suitable are perennial and stunted plants that can take root in the conditions of rocky soil. These can be spring flowers: a Greig or Kaufman tulip, muskar, crocus, hazel grouse or prunes.
Next is the flowering of primroses and anemones. After them phlox bloom styloid and stonecrop. And only at the very end are annual flowers.
Low hvoyny, for example, cinquefoil and ageratum, are often used as a background, since such plants will be able to unite the whole space into a single whole and give the hill a look of a single composition. Lovers of rhododendron, it is important to bear in mind that these plants are extremely whimsical and demanding in the care.Rhododendron best survives in warm regions and is very poorly tolerated by cold.
Aubrieta is a perennial plant that first appeared in the warm southern countries. However, it remarkably tolerates the harsh Russian climate. Aubrieta is a low shrub that can grow up to a maximum of 20 cm in height. A rich color palette and early flowering have long since won the hearts of gardeners and gardeners.
The undoubted advantages of planting obriety is its unpretentiousness, it does not compete with other garden plants and has a long flowering period. Able to grow in sunny, warm countries, and in Siberia.
The most popular obrieta cascade. This variety is a soft dense floral carpet with blue and reddish flowers. Aubrieu can be used for the design of rock garden, various arbors, hills and stony walls. In the process of growth the flower will descend to the bottom in the form of a cascade.
Usually, making out the suburban area, use several types of different plants. For example, tall trees go well with green shrubs and low or bush perennial flowers.A very good combination of climbing roses with clematis for the decoration of the arch, arbor or lattice. Also no less impressive is the union of flowers with bright inflorescences and white clematis.
Flowers with different shades look original. For example, delicate pink lily with a bright red rose. The advantage of this neighborhood is that both of these plants require the same care. To make bright accents in the garden, you can combine a standard rose with geraniums (magnificent and Georgian varieties). Geranium shrubs with flowers of different shades perfectly complement the bright and colorful rose.
Also, roses are perfectly combined with such plants as geyher, astantion, gispofil, sage, catnip, medium-sized cereal.
We make flower beds
Flowerbeds can be of different shapes: oval, rectangular, triangular and figured.
By species they are:
- Monoclumba, consisting of flowers of one variety and color;
- Arabesque - flowerbed with a complex shape;
- Raised - the height of such beds can reach 1 meter;
- Regular - flowers are arranged in a geometric pattern.
It is not difficult to break a simple flower bed with your own hands. To do this, you must first make a plan where the flowers will be planted.
Also, you will need the following tools to work:
- Master OK.
- Sand or gravel;
- Cement mortar;
- A piece of flexible plastic.
- The selected area must be cleaned of debris, remove weeds and roots. We limit and draw the boundaries of the future flower bed;
- We dig a hole (20-40 cm deep) and then carefully tamp the ground inside. Fall asleep gravel. To create a rounded shape, we limit the boundaries of the future flower bed with flexible plastic and fasten it. After laying bricks around the perimeter to get a kind of rim. All intervals are closed with cement mortar;
- We wait until the solution dries. After that, we fall asleep the ground so that a hill is formed in the central part of the flower bed;
- We leave the land for 14 days. During this time, she will settle and stand. After we make holes and plant the seedlings. Beginners will be more practical to make one large flower bed with a simple form. If desired, it can be upgraded to more complex compositions.
To flower bed pleasing the eye as long as possible, you need to plant plants with different flowering time.From May to June, daffodils bloom, tulips, primroses, lilacs, crocuses, and saxifrage. From June to July - peonies, bearded iris, carnations, cornflowers, delphiniums. From July to August - bells, calendula, chamomile, phlox, pansies, petunias and roses. From August to September - chrysanthemum, gladioli, asters and dahlias.
For a uniform bed, the space between the plants can be filled with ground cover flowers (creeping), planting them at a distance from each other.
For beginners, it is better to begin with to get acquainted with the relevant literature, since not all flowers are combined with each other. Experienced gardeners are advised to arrange tea types of roses with their hybrids, and miniature roses with ground cover. The above options are proven combinations with beautiful drops and steps.
Curly varieties can stand alone and in combination with something. To decorate the garden vertically requires strong support. And in winter, roses are closed together with a support, without removing the lash. The owner must necessarily take into account that some varieties tolerate low temperatures, while others do not tolerate them and may die.
For normal growth and development of neighboring plants of different types they need to be planted from each other at a distance of about one meter. Flowers must necessarily from time to time be treated with parasites with a spray.
In fact, the rose garden is a large flower garden where only roses grow. It can be assembled from different varieties or consist of only one, the most beloved. The rosary always looks spectacular and picturesque, so it can easily become a real pearl of the garden.
The curb is a low hedge. It is used to distinguish sectors, for example, in the rosary, or to highlight any specific areas. For example, a border of white roses can pass along the paths, and with a pink hedge you can decorate the area around the gazebo and resting areas. They also make out artificial streams, planting flowers along them. The border is easily combined with similar designs from other plants.
The arch is an arbor which is made of 4 wires. After that, wire rods are attached to the wire that are wrapped around them. The arch can be of any size, if desired, set a bench under it, thereby creating a lonely place to rest.You should choose only climbing rose varieties, characterized by lush flowering (standard, English and park). It is also possible to form a hedge from a variety such as a gray rose.
If you can not place a large number of flowers, you can plant a single rose bush. It will perfectly smooth some roughness of the Alpine hills, walls made of stone and brick and will be perfectly combined with various relief compositions.
An unusual solution would be to plant bushes in special containers, which can later be placed in different places. Usually choose floribunda and die rose. Park and English varieties in this case are inappropriate and are used very rarely.
“Stream” is an ordinary flowerbed, but decorated like a stream. You can create "cascades" and "waterfalls", they need to be considered when planning. Varieties usually choose ground cover, and use stones, pebbles, or gravel to form.
Massive, rough and dark stones of the alpine hills perfectly contrasted with colors that have a light and delicate color. Colorful and bright flowers look good with white stone.You can plant any plant varieties, but most gardeners prefer miniature or ground cover species. Sometimes the hill is divided into mono-segments: one grade - for each segment of the hill. It looks very unusual.
Hydrangeas fit harmoniously into a variety of flower ensembles. With their help, you can beautifully decorate the suburban area in such styles as:
- Mediterranean. Flowers are planted in ceramic containers painted in bright colors and placed on gravel backfill. Also, flowers can be planted around the perimeter of the site, and for vertical decoration, use a climbing hydrangea. For completeness, advising garden furniture and various decorative elements are selected;
- Oriental. Such an ensemble is suitable for medium-sized or small-sized leveled areas. The main focus is the flower beds on which the flowers create a peculiar pattern, and a large number of paths;
- Rustic. The style is also distinguished by the presence of many flowering plants (flower beds and flower beds). To create the appropriate rustic atmosphere, plants are planted in buckets, watering cans, and even cans. Also the so-called cart with flowers will perfectly fit here,which can be placed in the garden;
- English. The style is only suitable for a well-lit area with fertile soil. The English ensemble includes elements such as hedges, lawns, paths and garden houses. In the central region of the composition, for example, a combination of hydrangea with cold-resistant geranium and ornamental grass can be used. The result will be an elegant, but at the same time strict composition in full accordance with the style.
How to make a bed with their own hands, see the next video.