Decorative fence: beautiful landscape design ideas
The fence at the site serves to protect certain areas and territories, to avoid invasions of unwanted guests, to protect green spaces from damage by animals, to delineate the functional areas of home gardens, marking the contour of the flower bed and ease plant care.
This is a necessary element of the organization of the space of the site, so its appearance must meet certain requirements. In modern households, the functional purpose is combined with the decorative function of the fence, which has become an integral part of landscape design. What features of decorative fencing will help to combine both unitary and aesthetic functions, we will take a closer look at this article.
Traditionally, the fence is used for enclosing land tenure and is located along the entire contour. External fencing is of two types: protective, it is made solid, impenetrable to the views, or lightweight, more transparent, - such a fence is intended only to identify the boundaries of the site.
In the first case, the fence is made of brick, stone, concrete, profiled sheet or picket fence height of two meters and above. This fence is made without intermediate transparent inserts, it completely isolates the territory.
Designers with decorative finishes give such monolithic fences a decorative effect, and they often achieve smoothing and facilitating the massiveness of the structure due to the selection of material, special lighting and landscaping.
In modern cottage villages with security there is no need to make a massive solid fence, so beautifully decorated homesteads are fenced with metal sections. The first place among the most refined designs is occupied by forged spans with stone columns.
This is the most expensive type of fencing. To reduce its cost, small inserts of forged elements are used in a conventional metal fence on concrete or steel supports.
The height of such fences can vary from very small to 3-4 meters. Metal fences provide a reliable level of security, allow others to admire the beauty of the landscape and flowering plants.
These types of fences belong to capital structures, they serve not one decade, are a guarantor of safety and do not lose their aesthetic qualities for the whole service life, however, they require a device of a full pile or strip foundation, excavation works for trenching the foundation, erection of supporting pillars.
The function of marking the border of a land plot can be implemented in lighter and aerial structures. Universal fences made of wooden elements, plastic, or light metal constructions are usually not very high - from 1 to 1.5 meters. Their structure has transparent inserts and does not interfere with good-neighborly relations. Such fences do not require a fortified foundation, Piles are reinforced with small gravel and poured with cement directly into the well without making formwork. Light decorative designs give lightness to the fence and blend harmoniously into the natural landscape.
The service life of such fences is long enough but from time to time they require updating the exterior paintwork or replacing some parts. The safety function in this case is secondary, protection is carried out only against the invasion of animals or poultry.
A separate type of decorative fences - dividers of functional zones. These are very lightweight decorative structures that are buried directly in the ground, pre-treated from corrosion. Sections of the fence may not be fixed in the ground at all, but have special racks. They have a small height - from 0.5 to 1 meter. Their design is decorative and constitutes a single ensemble with a landscape located nearby. The most common use of these fences is the front garden.
The requirements for these inlets are limited by the decorative effect of isolating one zone from another within the plot. When changing the decor of the flower garden or the location of the pool on the site, these fences are replaced by others or transferred to another location.
The last functional area of the fence for the flower bed is up to half a meter high. These borders have a huge variety of materials manufacturing, unlimited possibilities for design solutions, are available for self-production.They differ in service life from decades (borders of natural stone and metal) to one season (wicker wattle fence).
To create a harmonious landscape on the plot, it is necessary to choose the type of fence, its shape and material of manufacture in the style of the overall design of the buildings and the finish of the tracks.
Not all materials can be used in the manufacture of various types of fence. For the capital fence around the cottage choose brick, clinker, decoration or decorative stone. These fences look very solid. True, with sufficient length they create a monotonous and slightly dull wall.
In such cases, the successful solution becomes combination of materials and height of the fence. The arc-like structure of the span with an inset of artistic forging breaks the row and adds variety to the fence.
A harmonious combination of stone, shtaketnik, a broken line of the base of the fence and the landscape design of the area can be a godsend for the owners of the estate.
Designers propose the use of round stone for finishing the array of span. This finish can be selected in the desired color and create a stylish fence of the site.Artistic decoration of solid stone or brickwork in the form of a certain pattern or ornament adds artistic value to the fence.
Decorative concrete remains a popular material for making a fence. Manufacturers offer a variety of patterns and colors of concrete structures, they are equipped with columns, have four sections of panels and special fixtures for fastening parts, are quite simple to install, are strong, durable and beautiful fencing.
Another traditional material for decorating fences is wood. it durable eco-friendly materialwhich is interesting for its beautiful fibrous structure, fits perfectly into the landscape in rural style. Today, designers have found a lot of artistic solutions for manzel fencing - a different form of wooden picket fence. Such a fence looks stylish and modern.
The location and size of shtaketin may be the most bizarre.
For the manufacture of wooden fence using coniferous, deciduous or exotic woods. Their use is limited only by the estimated cost of the fence.Democratic price has a fence of pine or birch. Pine due to the high resin content is highly resistant to rotting. Oak fence or larch over the years acquire increased strength, these materials - the most durable. Reliable and have good performance fences of logs in the national Russian style.
Bamboo looks very elegant. It creates a special atmosphere of the tropics, especially with additional design techniques, such as lighting. Unusually popular fences made from slats in the form of a lattice. These fences look good with English-style front gardens.
Favorite material for homemade light fence for the garden is the vine. Craftsmen with pleasure make wickers. Their production is not difficult. Thick branches simply deepen into the ground at the same distance from each other and fill the space between them with long, flexible branches. In the middle lane the most common material for the manufacture of wattle is willow.
All wooden parts are treated with special compounds to protect from adverse weather conditions and increase service life.
Metal fences of simple form, lattices and grids are transformed into a decorative structure with the help of inserts made of stone, forging, wood, lighting elements and decorating by plants.
The height of the fences can vary from flower beds to high solid fences. Metal fences are fairly easy to assemble, as they consist of modules that are hung on supports. Modern metal sections serve and to protect the territory and create a special stylish look. Transparency and openwork design lend visual lightness to the design, while maintaining strength and inaccessibility.
Plastic is used for small enclosures of beds or trees, serves to protect against trampling and encroachments of domestic and wild animals. The height of such fences does not exceed a meter, its strength is small, since the plastic is destroyed under the influence of ultraviolet radiation and negative temperatures. The service life of plastic barriers can be extended if the fence is dismantled for the winter. To the positive characteristics is ranked ease of installation - even an elderly person can cope with this, the ability to move to another place when changing the exposure of a flower bed and a bright palette of shapes and colors.
Today, manufacturers offer a wide range of metal-plastic elements for the fence, not losing decorative qualities. These designs are different increased service life and do not fade in the sun. They can be used as multifunctional fences.
Not all landowners like open fences or there is a need to protect against northern winds, but you do not want to weight the structure with a stone or solid picket fence. In this case, polycarbonate is an affordable and inexpensive insulation material. A polycarbonate sheet is reinforced on a metal frame, and this section is hung on a pole-support.
Polycarbonate is available in various colors, among which you can choose the tone that suits the design of the house.
Glass fences are a more expensive and fragile type of fencing than polycarbonate. But for decorative purposes and to provide the necessary level of illumination, they are also used on home gardens. The instability to external mechanical stress is compensated by the stylish brevity of the material and durability. Glass allows you to include the external environment in the landscape of the local area and protect the internal microclimate.
The most popular application of decorative fences is the zoning of the site. With the help of fences, you can hide the garden area, fence off the playground, or create a privacy patio area.
Children's corner is traditionally enclosed with a plastic fence. When children grow up, it can be removed and expanded the territory of the yard or plantations. The patio is designed for unhurried conversations where you can sit quietly over a cup of coffee or drink a glass of wine. Solitude will help stylish decorative fence.
Next season, you can save this zone, and another, no less beautiful corner or tree may appear where you want to move the decorative fence.
Glass fences are traditionally used for fencing swimming pools and tanning beds. Pools enclose, so that children swim only under the supervision of older relatives. In sunny weather, you can sunbathe without fear of the cold north winds and enjoy the surrounding landscape.
The use of gabions for zoning has become a fashionable trend in landscape design. Gabion is a metal mesh filled with stones. These fences are very durable and carry the function of preserving the slope of the site. Gabions are indispensable for terracing a plot, with their help the relief is beautifully leveled.
Different types of wicker are indispensable for the garden area. Decorated with objects of peasant life, they become an ornament to the backyard plot.
To create a beautiful decorative fence do not forget about the floral decoration. Even the most unattractive and monotonous fence will play with bright colors, if you plant a number of blooming clematis creepers nearby.
The frost-resistant, abundantly blooming Rose Flamentants will become a living decorative element.
Illumination plays a huge role in the perception of a landscape surrounded by a fence. It removes monotony and adds airiness to the barrier. Worth the effort for the amazing effect of adding light.
A popular material is professional sheet. For all its practicality, aesthetic qualities leave much to be desired.
When using a professional sheet, a prerequisite is an additional decor, either using a combination with other materials, or an unusual coloring.
Frosted glass in combination with wooden spans in the style of minimalism.
Interest is a sliding fence. Its location is not difficult to change depending on the needs. A metal floral ornament in a wooden frame adorns the coastline.
A fence of composing bright modules gives the eastern flavor of the area.
Modern style has won not only the internal, but also the exterior.
How to make a light and beautiful decorative fence, see the following video.