Single mattresses - comfortable size of sleeping mats. Due to the small width, they fit in any type of room and are relevant even in small apartments, creating the most comfortable conditions for sleeping. Single mattresses have a number of features and benefits.
Features, Pros and Cons
Single mattresses are universal. They are included in each collection of mattresses of world manufacturers and small enterprises. Depending on the model, they may differ in size, height of the block and its shape. Such mats:
- easy to organize a sleeping bed single and double beds (with the purchase at the same time two identical blocks);
- depending on the height of the model, they are an independent block or a topper mattress pad, leveling the surface of the existing bed (on the bed, sofa, folding chair, folding bed, floor);
- on the basis of dimensions, are the first mattresses of newborns, children of preschool age, relevant for adolescents;
- they help out the owner of the house when the guests arrive (you can identify the guests on the sofa, and you can “create” yourself a bed on the floor);
- have a different size range, varying the length and width, taking into account the dimensions of the bed (sofa), suitable for furniture with stoppers (sidewalls) and without them;
- based on the components of the structure, they can be simple or prophylactic, providing not only convenience, but also the correctness of the user's sleep;
- having a different filler and upholstery, differ in a different service life (up to 15 years or more);
- differ in the level of hardness of the block, its structure and additional effect, allowing the user to choose the best option for themselves, taking into account the taste and the wallet.
Thanks to modern materials and new manufacturing techniques, it’s not difficult today to find the right single mattress,whether it is a simple classical or healthy block, which is recommended by an orthopedic surgeon.
Single mattresses are good for one user. When buying them, you should always take into account the build of a particular user, otherwise the person’s sleep may lose comfort. Space limitation is a small but significant drawback of such mats.
Among the other disadvantages of mattresses in one place can be noted:
- weight restriction (such designs are selected strictly in accordance with the user's weight);
- inconvenience in transporting large-sized models due to weight and volume;
- the short lifespan of cheap models (simple products made of cotton wool and teak, foam rubber of “T” class), forming dents and irregularities of the block in the first year of use, which harm the user's back;
- the high cost of models from high-grade raw materials (not always correspond to the buyer's pocket).
All manufactured models of single mattresses are divided into two types:
- on a spring basis - systems having a metal grid of steel at the base of the block;
- products without springs - options without metal, made of modern elastic filler.
Both types of mattresses can have different degrees of surface density:
- moderately tough;
The first single models are good for older people, the second are versatile and in demand among the majority of clients, others are considered good prevention and are shown to sick people and young children for the purpose of correct formation of spinal curvatures.
Despite the stated orthopedic effect and the inclusion of spring mattresses in the children's line, they are not suitable for small children.
The metal, which is the core of the block, accumulates static electricity and has a magnetic effect on the body, which is manifested in headache, dizziness, and general fatigue. Such mats are unsafe: springs can break when children are active, which does not exclude the risk of injury.
If we compare the orthopedic effect, they are inferior to springless counterparts, the density and benefits of which are much higher.
Spring unit for one place
Single mattress on the springs is of two types:
- addicted ("bonnel")in which the connection of the springs is ensured by fixing the twisted wire between themselves (in addition to the connection between them, the springs are attached along the upper and lower edge of the frame);
- independent (Pocket), in which the springs are packed in individual covers made of breathable fabric, therefore, are attached to the bottom of the frame, but not interconnected (the integrity of the mesh is ensured by the connection of woven covers).
In each case, the springs are arranged vertically, but their shape is different. In the first case, it is more often the “hourglass”, which, due to the narrowing in the center, does not rub out against each other and allows to reduce the overall weight of the mattress, although it is less resistant to deformation. In the second, these are cylindrical or barrel-shaped springs, narrowed at the edges.
The difference in the connection of the springs determines the operation of the unit under the weight load: in the dependent type of unit, the working springs pull nearby, therefore, with pressure, a well and wave are always formed. In an independent type block, only the springs on which the load is applied operate at pressure. This ensures the correct position of the spine in any position (lying on the stomach, side, back). Due to the individual work of the springs, such mattresses do not harm health, which cannot be said about analogues with dependent springs.
The size of the springs matters: the smaller they are, the larger they are by one square meter,which affects the rigidity of the surface of the block (it becomes harder).
The range of springs per square meter can range from 100-150 pieces and up to 1000, or even more. To make it easier to understand, the models are called classic, “Micropackage” and “Multipackage”. The number of springs does not always mean "the more, the better," because very small springs are not designed for users with excess weight.
The interesting types of independent type of spring block include models with double springs. Under normal load, only external elements work in such a block, and at high pressure internal ones (of smaller diameter) are inserted into the main springs. Not a single spring block for one place can do without additional stuffing, which determines its qualities and improves the type of surface.
Single mattresses without springs are:
- monolithic, in the form of a single layer of material without an additional layer;
- combinedhaving a thick middle base, supplemented with packings of different composition and density to vary the degree of rigidity or impart the desired effect;
- puff, made of layers of the same thickness, but different composition of the filler.
As a filler for a springless unit of a single mattress, trademarks use the best types of material:
- natural latex;
- artificial latex (latex-impregnated polyurethane foam);
- coconut coir;
- struttophiber (periotek);
- sheep or camel wool;
- viscoelastic foam.
Each type of packing has its own structure, density, indicators of durability and resistance to weight load.
The uniqueness of many single-mattress fillers without springs is that they are perfectly combined with each other.
This is a hypoallergenic pack, which does not irritate the skin, has antibacterial impregnation and is not susceptible to the formation of fungus, mold, dust mites.
The most interesting and popular models of single blocks include:
- orthopedic - differing in a fairly rigid surface that does not adapt to the user's anatomy;
- bilateral with varying degrees of rigidity - having a hard surface with one and medium-hard one on the other side of the mattress;
- double-sided with thermoregulation - options "winter-summer" for those who need additional warming in the winter and cool in the summer;
- anatomical - mats based on “Memorix” (memory foam), which takes any comfortable position of the user, gently enveloping the body and immersing its part in the block, however, quickly taking its original shape during cooling.
Dimensions of single mattresses depend on the age and size of the user. In total, more than 12 sizes have been developed, thanks to which you can choose any convenient parameter. Typically, the width of the blocks can be 80, 85, 90, 95 cm. The length of adult models for sleeping is 190, 195, 200 cm. Children are 60x120, 70x140 cm.
The height of a single mattress is different and varies from 2 to 27 cm and more (up to 40 cm in some models). Depending on this, mats are thin (2 - 10 cm), standard (12 - 19 cm) and fluffy (from 19 cm). Toppers are good as a guest or country mattresses (hard 8 - 10 cm for children). These models help out in cases when you need to quickly organize a bed and are a must-have attribute of an oriental room.
The packaging of a single mattress can be single or double, removable or not.Cotton, coarse calico, teak, jacquard, polycotton are among the most popular materials for the cover. Models can be single-layered or quilted, having a padding layer to give greater softness.
The color gamut of covers is various and depends on the age group and preferences of the client.
Often, companies produce additional covers on most models in order to increase the practical and external performance of their products. The most popular shades of the cover are white, light gray, beige, cream, pinkish, pale blue color. Children's models are more cheerful: in addition to bright blue, pink, blue, green, mint, yellow colors they are replete with colorful drawings in the form of cartoon characters and funny animals.
How to choose a good mattress, see the next video.