How to sew a pillow case?
A pillow is a constant companion of a person throughout life, a pillowcase is an essential “attachment” to pillows. This simple subject performs several important functions simultaneously. Beautiful pillow cases can be a harmonious application to the bedroom interior.
In the children's rooms, large original pillows are not only beautiful, bedding can become an element of the game, but also part of the interior design. The pillow cushion should be easy to remove, it can be easily washed, the material should be strong and not get dirty after the machine wash
Necessary tools and materials
To properly sew a pillowcase with your own hands you will need:
- quality fabric;
- a sewing machine (an overlock can come up);
- triangle ruler;
Often, the pillowcase is made from a single piece of fabric, with the minimum amount of seams present. In terms of qualifications, even beginners can perform similar tailoring. Consider the algorithm of action.
- The required size of the material is cut off, while taking into account 1.8 cm seam allowances, then it will be necessary to calculate the total area. Usually the size is 50 x 175 cm.
- Then handled the sides that are shorter in length. This is produced by a closed-cut seam. The material is placed on a flat surface, the front side is at the bottom. An indent of 70.5 cm is taken from one of the edges and a line is drawn with a marker. Then the future product is folded. One side will be thirty inches longer than the other.
- A longer side wraps around the edge. From the edges, the fabric is lightly processed so that then there is no deformation in thickness. Thus, it turns out that part of the product will be stitched and wrapped in two cuts, the other part will be wrapped in three cuts. The smell will also have to attach.
- After everything is done, the pillowcase should be well ironed.
To make such a product, an old sheet is used, which has a normal texture, in which case the corresponding sections are cut out. Sometimes they make pillowcases even from old jeans.
What fabric to choose?
Fabrics for pillowcases can be very different, one of the most popular is silk. Silk is one of the materials that is functional and healthy. In its texture there are many different useful amino acids. Bed mites, molds and pathogens do not start in silk. Natural silk is considered the most expensive material of all types of fabrics, it has unique performance characteristics:
- does not contain toxins.
Among the shortcomings we can single out the following: silk underwear is easily wrinkled; in order to use it correctly, one must possess certain skills, and its cost is also quite high. Cotton fabrics are the most popular, are relatively inexpensive and functional:
In ancient times in Russia, coarse calico was especially valued, it was the most durable and durable fabric. Often, a single pillow was used by several generations. The chintz also has cotton at its core, it is inexpensive, it can serve for quite a long time. The chintz is not as long-lasting as coarse calico, however, due to its low price, it enjoys a good reputation. The benefits of using calico:
- optimal price-quality ratio;
- does not contain toxins;
- has high strength;
- well washed.
A very functional fabric - satin, it also has a good demand. Satin has the nickname of the people - cotton silk. Externally, the fabric, indeed, resembles silk, but it is significantly cheaper. Its advantages:
- does not contain toxins;
- is inexpensive.
Fabric is considered to be one of the best, located in the premium segment.
In recent years, it is fashionable to make pillowcases from woolen patches, which can be cut from worn sweaters. Technologically, it is not difficult to make such things; even a fourth-grade schoolgirl can do such work. The steps are as follows:
- pillow parameters are measured;
- then markup is made on the sweater;
- the edges are stitched;
- a zipper is sewn on the inside;
It should be borne in mind that the thing is made from the main part of the product, all the sleeves and the neck are cut off. You can also make a pillow case from used clothes with lace. In this case, it is worthwhile to take care of the lining in advance, it affects the overall design of the product.If the lining is not beautiful or suitable for color, then the pillow will look coarse.
Pillowcases are often made from cotton shirts (or from T-shirts), while buttons are often left, but sometimes they change to more decorative ones. Pockets are also left, sometimes they are used for their intended purpose, for example, you can put there:
- mobile phone;
Patchwork is a special technique that came to Russia from Scandinavia. The technology involves stitching fabrics from different patches into a single colorful “panel”. Sometimes these products can look very original, it is advantageous to emphasize the design of any room and successfully harmonize with the interiors, even avant-garde. Patchwork technique is good because it gives carte blanche for designer fantasy, there are practically no limits.
Hand-knitted pillowcases are also very popular. There is a huge variety, models can be very different in colors.
How to cut the product?
A pillow case is the simplest element that even a practically untrained person can make. Commonly used materials:
The time required to make a pillowcase is minimal, since you only need to make one or two seams. The standard size of the pillowcase is 50x70 cm, the pattern can also be (in centimeters):
Parameters 50 by 70 cm are considered the most popular, there are the following types of pillowcases:
- smell from above;
- smell on the left or right side;
- the smell also happens "with ears";
- product with a zipper with ears.
Step by Step Assembly Guide
For beginners, it is worth considering the pattern of the simplest pillowcase, in which there are no zippers, there is a single-cut pocket (in professional terminology it is called “valve”). Merka is taken from the pillow on which the pillowcase will be worn. Suppose the length and width of the pillow is 54 cm. The size of the flap (pocket) is 50 or 30 percent of the product. Respectively - it will be 27 and 18 cm. It is necessary to add one centimeter as an error. The allowance is 1.4 cm, the cut is bending and it will also have to be noted 1.4 cm. Additional sizes are necessary for those who need softer pillows, in the event that there are no such requests, then the increase can be canceled.
The pattern makes sense immediately to do on the harvested piece of fabric, and in this case it is necessary to take into account the direction of the thread. This thread is also called the "share", it runs along the length of the part of the pattern. The following figures are obtained after such a calculation:
- 54 + 54 cm (basic figure indicating the length of the pillow);
- 18 cm valve;
- two times a centimeter is considered - this is an allowance for the volume of the pillow;
- 3 cm is a parameter that goes on the hem of two slices.
After the basic parameters are available, a drawing is made on the main piece of fabric with a ruler and marker. It is necessary to retreat from the edges of a centimeter and a half and draw two parallel lines. There should be a distance of 55 cm between the threads (taking into account the parameters that were considered per volume). After that, the vertical markings are built, which will mean the fold of the main pattern, as well as the valve itself. From the right side, a vertical dotted line is built at a distance of 21 cm (here 30% is the length of the pillow and 1 cm is the increase). The total is 54 cm.
The side parts are stitched with a special (hem) stitch. The edges are bent at the same time, to the wrong side (the first time is 0.6 cm, then bend back 0.8 cm).It is recommended to take as a basis the fold of the primary edge, which buckled, it is stretched at a distance of no more than 0.3 mm. After completion of the operation, the valve is bent inward, sections along the bend that are arranged in parallel are aligned. It is important to note that the cuts should be whipped, so it will be easier to work later. And also do not forget about the horizontal cuts and vertical fold.
After performing all the operations, the pillowcase is turned out so that the front part is inside. It will be necessary to trim the corners, straighten them, "walk" on them with a hot iron. An indent from horizontal folds is made, it is stitched, while indentation is made in the middle of the seam one centimeter. This method allows you to not do the extra processing of slices, they are left closed. Such seams still have a second name: double inversion.
There is an even simpler technology: vertical chamfers are sewn under the hem, then from the inside. The pattern is connected along the seam lines (horizontal), all cuts are processed on a sewing machine.
If you need to make an orthopedic pillowcase (50x50 or 40x40 cm), then there are no fundamental differences in tailoring, but the method of counting changes a little.For such models, the material should be cut two centimeters longer - 52 cm, and also 133 cm long. 2-3 cm are released per allowance. If the model is 40 cm wide, the allowance is made the same. It is also recommended to make a smell of 18 cm, which keeps the pillow in the product itself.
Pillowcases of 50x50 cm in size are usually made with zippers. For this, a fabric length of about 104 cm is required. This cut is folded up, the front side is inside.
The sides are stitched, the armhole remains intact. Sections are processed with a “zigzag”, the so-called seam, it is also customary to do overlock. The fastener is unbuttoned, the teeth on the front side will look up. The front side is fastened with pins, the indent is made about 8 mm from the edge. The clasp is attached specifically to the product. The distance from the side sections is about 2.4 cm. A 2.4 cm line from the side seam is laid from the inside. The line is mounted on 4 mm above, the pillowcase is turned out and proglazhivaetsya.
The pillowcase, which is made with small "ears", still has a second name: Oxford style. It will take a little more time to make it, but it will also look pretty smart and unusual.A piece of fabric with a size of 62x192 cm is taken, cuts are processed to 64 cm in a hem, the edge is bent from the inner side at 72 cm. Indent is made from the edge for the line along which the smell will pass 5.6 cm. 0.6 cm is made. The product is turned out and ironed. A 5.5 cm indent is made from the edge, a small rectangle of 52 and 72 cm is drawn with a ruler. You can make markings with a graphite pencil or a ballpoint pen. A new line is being drawn along the line that is drawn.
What clasp do?
To sew a zipper, you should take a little shorter than the length of the edge of the pillow, to which you will need to sew it. For such work requires a special foot, it makes it possible to put the seams near the teeth. Such tools can be purchased at any trading platform. It is better to take the zipper with metal teeth, plastic products will not last long. The easiest way to make a pillow case with buttons with a smell, this design is the simplest and most often used.
Design ideas "clothes" for pillows
Pillowcase as an element of the interior always emphasizes a certain style.It sets the color algorithm; it is the “assembly point” of the overall room colorist. To decorate a pillow, make it beautiful, you can use a variety of methods. There is a way of embroidery:
- satin stitch;
- a cross;
The second option is most commonly used. The advantage is that such a seam is durable, the pattern can not be damaged. If the pillow is decorated with ribbons, it can only be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner. And also such sofa pillowcases will need to be washed in the manual mode. We list the most fashionable style directions for the manufacture of decorative pillows.
- Recently, pillowcases made from natural jute (burlap), which is combined with other materials, have come into fashion. In this case, there is a contrast and original effect.
- Burlap pillowcases with interesting colors of fabric of different composition and origin. But together the antipodes create a curious image.
- The style that came from France is Provence. Standard topics are: peasant women and peasants, goats, sheep, birdies in trees, apples and pears. The style is colorful and not without its appeal.
- Knitted pillowcases are made from knitwear,which also look sometimes very advantageous.
- In the children's rooms, colorful pillow cases are used with various fairy-tale plots or applications.
How to sew a pillowcase with your own hands, see the next video.