Wooden panels for interior walls: ideas for design
Wooden panels - a popular material for interior decoration of the apartment or house. A wide choice of colors, materials and processing of these panels allows you to realize any design ideas and create a unique interior.
Wood panels are often used for interior walls. Produced from natural materials, they provide a healthy indoor climate, making it cozier, “warmer”. The practicality of this finishing material allows you to use it in any room - bedroom, nursery, kitchen, living room.
It is undesirable to install wooden panels in rooms with high humidity, for example, in a bathroom, especially if the tree is not treated with special compounds. In such conditions, the panels will not last for a long time, they will begin to rot, deteriorate and will soon require replacement.
Thanks to its soundproofing properties and low thermal conductivity, wood panels create a comfortable atmosphere in the room. Attractive appearance and environmental friendliness of natural wood give the interior a touch of aristocracy. But wall decoration is not the only function that wood panels are capable of performing.
They can be used:
- when zoning a room or creating accents in it;
- to increase noise insulation;
- to increase the heat insulation of the room;
- for masking defects of walls;
- as a means of combining spaces, decorated in different styles, into a single whole.
In addition, panels can be trimmed ceiling, you can build partitions from them, arrange niches, create a variety of architectural elements. Wood is easy to process, so such panels can be given almost any shape.
Production of wood panels involves the use of only environmentally friendly materials. This is either an array of solid wood, or a variety of lumber, which remain after primary processing - chips, sawdust, pieces of bark.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other material, wood panels have their advantages and disadvantages.
The first category includes:
- wide range of;
- environmental friendliness;
- easy care;
- simple installation;
- the ability to hide the wires under the panels;
- possibility of installation even on an uneven surface;
- good heat and sound insulation characteristics of the material;
- attractive appearance.
The disadvantages are much smaller, but they also occur. The main of them are sensitivity to humidity and a decrease in the usable area of the room. If you plan to mount the panel on the adhesive mixture - will have to take care that the walls were smooth.
In general, wood panels - the best option for the walls in the apartment and in a country house. They will harmoniously fit into almost any interior, except perhaps the modern style of hi-tech and loft. The natural nobility inherent in natural wood will emphasize the status of the interior. In addition, the tree is able to have a beneficial effect on the health and psychological state of a person. In the modern world with its frantic rhythms, stresses and concrete jungle - this is an important factor.
If you use a neutral color panels, for example, white, they will serve as an excellent background for any bright accents in the interior, and will not distract attention to themselves.
Currently, the market offers a wide range of wood panels for every taste and wallet. It can be lath panels, carved, perforated, made of solid natural wood or composite materials, rectangular or square.
When choosing panels you should consider some factors.
- The level of temperature and humidity in the room where the wood panels will be installed. Sudden drops can negatively affect the appearance and service life of the material. Additional treatment will be required special protective compounds.
- Decorative properties. Wall panels are distinguished not only by the material of manufacture, but also by the texture of the coating, color, size.
- Heat and noise insulation characteristics.
Depending on the style of the interior, on the geometry of the room and the area of the covering, it is possible to choose panels of such shape that will be a harmonious addition to the existing decor.This may be a rectangular shape, resembling lining, tiles with several lamellas (also rectangular), square shapes with lamellae of different thickness.
As for the decorative processing of tiles, there are also several options. On the material can be:
- put veneer - get a tile with the texture of natural wood;
- laminate - gives you the opportunity to pick up any shade;
- apply varnish or wax - protects from moisture, adds shine.
In addition, embossing technology can be used to decorate the panels.
The cost of such panels depends on the material of manufacture. For example, wood chipboards (DSP) are inexpensive, provide a fairly wide choice of shapes, sizes, decorative solutions, but the quality of such panels often leaves much to be desired.
Fiberboard panels (HDF) are also affordable. They are available in large sheets, may or may not have a decor. Plates without decorative coating are cheaper.
MDF (medium density fiberboard). Such material is often laminated or veneered, which imitates the texture of natural wood.
OSB (oriented strand or plate). Made of split wood, wood chips. It can be used as an independent decorative coating (after painting) or as a lining for other materials.
Do not forget about the spectacular 3D-panels. The geometric pattern created by them — volumetric, unique in its own way — makes such slabs the center of attention in any interior. They can be used not just as decoration, but as a full-fledged element of decor, as a bright accent of the interior.
3D panels will look good in a room decorated in a modern style. Or as a “modernizing” element in retrointeriors. Classics, they add modern dynamics, liveliness, expression.
Panels from the massif of a natural tree - the most expensive materials. But they justify their cost with high performance, one hundred percent environmental friendliness, durability and aesthetics. In their manufacture can be used different wood species.
This breed with its heterogeneous structure of the pattern is well suited for the design of dark rooms. Ash slabs are also suitable for flooring in large rooms.
This is a valuable wood species. Due to its low ductility, it is not subject to deformation. Resistance to moisture, ease of processing, tinting, varnishing or staining are the undoubted advantages of this breed.
This tree has medium hardness and strength. Its fibers are distinguished by high viscosity and elasticity - it is rather difficult to split birch. The barrel on the cut can be different shades. By production most often use kapovy, Karelian or hung birch. Plates of such wood are resistant to mold, fungus, and so on, have natural antiseptic properties, and thanks to the beautiful textured pattern they have high decorative properties.
The barrel has a high structural density (before the formation of the core, which appears only in middle age). Depending on where and in what conditions the tree grew, the wood may have a different color. This makes it possible to choose a shade that blends harmoniously with the main color range of the room. Wood also has high strength and hygroscopicity.
Durable, heavy wood.Well suited for the design of a classic interior. The high decorative characteristics of this breed are due to the presence of a beautiful, textured pattern on the cut of the tree.
Fire-resistant, moisture-resistant rock, which with prolonged exposure to water only becomes stronger. The reddish tint of the heart and growth rings gives aesthetics wood.
Treats valuable breeds of a tree. The wood darkens over time. Good elasticity, ease of processing, low strength, poor resistance to external factors - the characteristic features of cherries.
Valuable breed. According to its physical characteristics similar to oak. Wood is quite flexible, durable, wear-resistant.
The most accessible breed. It is distinguished by its average density and resistance to fungal damage. Easy to handle and install.
When selecting panels for interior design, it is necessary to take into account how this or that type of wooden plates will fit into the interior. For example, carved wooden panels - boiserie - will look good in a classic interior decorated in the Empire style.At one time, such panels were used in the decoration of the mansions of the aristocracy, palaces. And now they are able to give the interior a luxury, sophisticated chic.
Self-adhesive plates - a more democratic option, which is also easy to install. But their installation requires a smooth surface of the walls, so before you start the installation, you need to achieve the appropriate surface condition.
Mounting on the frame is preferred. This type of fastening is safer than glue-down, and if necessary, dismantling the panels will be easier. In addition, when dismantling the slabs from the frame, their condition and appearance will hardly suffer. If the plates were planted on glue, after dismantling they will become completely unusable.
In the case, if you dismantle not the entire coating, but only a part of it (for example, to replace a single tile or repair), the entire surface will suffer. Gently remove one tile is unlikely to succeed. It is likely to damage, spoil the elements adjacent to it.
Wall panels made of wood are widely used in the decoration of walls. Their high decorative properties, durability, strength allow them to be used in the design of almost any room.The environmental friendliness of this material is another of its indisputable advantage, which also corresponds to the latest trends in the field of interior design.
Everyone wants to create a home atmosphere of comfort, warmth and comfort. Natural wood makes it easy to solve this problem. Facing with wooden panels in the apartment will not only add comfort to the interior, but also have a beneficial effect on the indoor climate. Essential oils that natural wood produces have a positive effect on human health and well-being.
Wall cladding is not the only possible use of wood slabs. They can revet the floor, you can create all sorts of niches, grooves, partitions. The elasticity of the material and the ease of its processing make it possible to embody almost any fantasy.
It is not necessary to sheathe all the walls. If you make only one, it will be a spectacular accent in the interior, attracting the eye. At the same time, the beneficial effect of the tree will not decrease.
If we are talking about a wooden country house, then the decoration of the walls inside with its wooden panels will create a holistic, harmonious look of the whole house.Exterior and interior will complement each other perfectly.
When installing such panels, the main thing is to choose the right parts. The framework on which the plates, self-tapping screws or glue structures will be mounted, if the installation is carried out with their help, all this should be of high quality.
The frame can be metal (it is lighter) or wooden (from small beams - its weight is greater).
The installation process itself is carried out in stages.
- Calculation of the exact number of plates and how they will be located on the wall.
- Frame installation. Possible irregularities can be eliminated with pads.
- Install the first panel. You need to start from the bottom, from the corner. Be sure to follow the location of the groove - it should be at the top.
- Installing the second panel and fixing it with screws.
- After all the panels are installed, they are finally fixed with screws.
To compensate for thermal expansion, you need to make cuts on the sides of the plates. If these gaps will be too conspicuous and spoil the appearance of the panels - you can hide them with decorative overlays.
The decor of the panels can be very diverse - veneering, varnishing, lamination, painting.If you choose the right lining, which will be the same in color and texture, the gaps will not be noticeable.
Wood in the interior can be used not only for wall decoration, but also when decorating the floor or ceiling. Ceiling panels are not much different from the wall. They can be made not only from solid wood, but also in the form of a sandwich of three layers. The front layer in such a “cake” is a valuable wood species, the next - coniferous. The most commonly used pine.
The manufacture of wooden panels, especially those made from composite materials, may include the use of toxic, harmful substances, such as formaldehyde resins. Therefore, when choosing plates, it is necessary to pay attention not only to their appearance and operational properties, but also to indicators such as combustibility class.
The highest resistance to fire is inherent in products of class KM1. This group includes low flammable (G1), flame-retardant (B1), low-forming (D1) and non-toxic (T1) materials. The risk of fire at such plates is minimized, and in case of fire they will not emit a lot of smoke or harmful substances.
Wood care is simple. It is enough to wipe them with a damp cloth, in case of strong pollution - to wash. You do not need to use strong detergents or abrasives - you can spoil the appearance of the panels.
The ease of installation, ease of maintenance, environmental friendliness, high decorative properties, warmth, comfort that they bring to the interior - all this made wood panels a popular decoration material. This is not only a “country house”, a village version, as it was considered recently. This is a spectacular, respectable interior decor in any style.
It is not recommended to use wood panels in rooms with high humidity. - they can quickly lose their attractiveness, crack, deform. To avoid this, the plates must be treated with special protective compounds. Some models undergo such processing in production.
But the treated panels still remain sensitive to moisture. They can be used if the room has a large area and allows you to place the plates at a considerable distance from the water. A direct hit of moisture adversely affects the tree, and changes in temperature and humidity can aggravate the situation.
Bathroom, kitchen - in these rooms the use of wood, especially near water sources or heating elements, is undesirable. The danger of fire, deformation, damage to the panels in such rooms is much higher than in the same living room.
Wood panels can be used in the kitchen, if there is not much time spent and rarely cooked. In this case, the tree will create a great atmosphere and a stylish, respectable interior.
Wood in the interior is always a luxury, discreet chic and comfort. Depending on the style and size of the premises, you can choose panels that best fit into the overall style idea. Bedroom or living room, study or nursery - natural wood is appropriate everywhere.
Depending on the design idea, you can use lath panels, square or rectangular plates, and 3D models in the bedroom decoration. This is a room in which you want to relax, calm down, relax, so bright, expressive colors, complex structures, cold surfaces will not work. A tree with its pleasant shades for the eyes, natural warmth, comfort will be the best solution for the design of this room.
If you arrange the paneled wall at the head of the bed, you can emphasize exactly the sleeping area in the room. This wall does not require any additional decoration, it is beautiful and aesthetic in itself.
Many areas of design involve the use of wood in interior decoration. For example, in the English style tree - an important element of the decor. Panels covering the lower part of the walls, the ceiling with beams, the floor - boardwalk or parquet - all of these are integral elements of the English style just like a fireplace and a chair in front of it.
Finishing the cabinet requires a completely different approach. This room is designed for work, therefore its design should adjust to the working mode, create a comfortable, but not relaxing atmosphere. And in this case, the tree will also have to by the way.
This material was originally used in the design of offices. The aristocracy, in whose houses one could find private offices, did not fear the high cost of natural wood. Now expensive natural material can be replaced by more affordable options - particle boards, fiberboard, MDF, OSB.
If earlier the office was usually designed in the classical style, then today you can find a variety of style solutions in the decoration of this room.Thanks to modern technology, wooden plates made of composite materials are produced in a wide variety - both in form and in decor. Imitation of a structure of a natural tree, a bricklaying, a stone, brightly painted panels - for every taste.
Panels can be sheathed the bottom of the walls. They can be combined with wallpaper. Then get an interior in the spirit of old England.
Wooden ceilings are appropriate and retro style. Whatever era reflects the interior, the tree will perfectly fit into the overall concept. Processed by stain or painted white, it will be a good background for furniture and decorative elements.
Wooden ceilings with beams harmoniously fit into the interior, made in the style of country or Provence. English style also implies such a ceiling design.
If the wooden panels are covered with white paint and walk on them with emery paper, so that the paint is erased in some places - they will be a great complement to the shebbi-chic interior. Panels of dark colors, black harmoniously fit into such an extraordinary style as a loft. They will be able to bring to this industrial style a touch of homely warmth, comfort, and natural freshness.
Turning to the classic interiors of any era, you can see that the tree has long been an integral element of interior design. Aristocratic interiors cannot be imagined without a parquet floor (most often made of oak), carved furniture from precious woods, all sorts of architectural and decorative elements. Even in the palaces the walls were decorated with carved wooden panels.
Now the choice of finishing materials is quite large. You can choose the finish for every taste - from stone to plastic. But the tree still does not give up their positions. Its natural beauty, environmental friendliness, durability and special charm can not have analogues. Therefore, the number of fans of this finish is not reduced.
An overview of wood 3D panels awaits you in the next video.