How to sew a sheet on an elastic band?
In the past few years, elastic sheets have gained steady popularity all over the world, including in Russia. This fact is explained by the fact that high mattresses on springs are widely spread. These products require sheets that have a secure fit.
Sheets with an elastic band optimally correspond to a similar task, the elastic band rigidly fixes the fabric, not allowing it to deform. The cost of a sheet with a rubber band is noticeably higher, therefore, eager mistresses often sew it in independently, especially since this operation does not require high qualification.
Advantages and disadvantages
Modern beds are equipped with a variety of mattresses from latex to spring. Sometimes the height of the product can reach 25-30 cm, and to make such a bed with a sheet with an elastic band, you need to use two simple sheets for sewing it.But first, these sheets are sewn into one fabric, and only then sewed gum.
If you follow all the rules of sewing on the right size, then the sheets with an elastic band will fit the mattress quite tightly, while the shape will remain unchanged. On the trading floors is always in the presence of such a product. New-fashioned sheets have proven themselves from the best sides: they do not crumple and "hold" the shape. But not everyone can afford them, so, willy-nilly, many housewives have a question about how to make such a thing with their own hands.
Nothing is impossible here. Manufacturing technology is not complicated. Benefits from the application:
- the sheet on an elastic band looks esthetically;
- it is more functional, does not crumple and does not lump "in a heap";
- the mattress is almost invisible, less dirty;
- in children's beds, sheets with elastic are indispensable, especially when there is a film on them.
Among the disadvantages is the fact that the sheet is inconvenient to iron. When storing, it is best to roll the products into small rolls that can be stored compactly in a linen closet.
For sewing sheets of 160x200 cm, cotton or linen material is best suited.Flax is a rather dense fabric that can withstand a large number of washes. It absorbs moisture and passes air. Flax and cotton do not accumulate electrostatic charges, do not provoke skin irritation and allergies.
Cotton fabrics and satin are considered the best-selling cotton fabrics. They are ideal for any time of year and are considered to be wear-resistant, have a good coefficient of thermal conductivity.
To make the right choice of size, first of all you need to establish the exact dimensions of the mattress. On any product of this kind there is a label, and it contains all the necessary information:
- the first line indicates the length of the product;
- the second one confirms the width;
- the third name is the height of the mattress.
The sheet can be oval or round in accordance with the shape of the mattress. Rectangular shapes are most often for adults. The sizes of sheets are the following (in centimeters):
Euro products are most often of one color scheme, so making a choice is not any difficulty - only in size. Jersey sheets are very good - they are soft and soft.Retain their shape after many cycles of passage through the washing machine. And they can not iron, which is an advantage. Modern paint resistant, so things do not shed over time.
Calculation of the required amount of material
To calculate the required amount of fabric for the sheets on an elastic band, it is necessary to understand the parameters of the mattress. If the bed with a mattress is 122x62 cm in size, and the height of the mattress is 14 cm, then the calculation should be made as follows:
The numbers 122 and 62 are added to 14 cm (the height of the mattress). In this case, the parameter will be 136x76 cm. In order to sew a gum, you need a certain amount of matter, about 3 cm from all sides. It turns out that the material will need 139x79 cm.
Creating a pattern
In order to properly cut the material, it is necessary to draw up a scheme - a drawing, otherwise there is a real opportunity to spend extra matter.
On a clean sheet of paper with a ruler and a triangle it is necessary to draw a diagram on a scale of 1: 4, adding the height of the mattress to the schematic quadrilateral. Then, according to the parameters obtained, a paper pattern is made (newspaper or drawing paper).The finished pattern is applied to the straightened fabric (it can be spread on the floor or table).
Keep in mind that cotton fabrics shrink. If you sew a sheet on a elastic band from a coarse calico 230 cm wide, then you should take matter with a margin, that is, approximately 265 cm.
The pattern will be made on the fabric itself, so it must be perfectly smooth. 10-12 cm are added on each side, they will be used to cover the mattress, you should also take into account a small amount of material for the elastic.
It will be necessary to harmoniously “fit” all four corners so that there are no deformations of the fabric. Before starting, it is recommended to check each parameter several times. It is important that the pattern mattress matched 100%. Sometimes for various reasons you have to increase the fabric, it should be done at the top, then the seam will be located under the pillows. It is recommended to remember:
- complex hemming does not make sense, you can easily get confused;
- the wider the gum, the more margin it has;
- in the resulting rectangle, the corners should be rounded, so each edge should be tucked up to 0.8 cm, and it should also be well ironed;
- 3 cm indent and seam stitching.
It is necessary to take into account the presence of a small gap in the seam stitching, where the braid will be inserted. A pin is fastened in the ribbon and inserted into the drawstring, stretching the gum along the entire perimeter of the sheet. Both ends of the tape are then sealed together or each separately.
The following should be noted as recommendations:
- the gum should be centimeters ten times longer than the perimeter of the mattress itself, and after its insertion into the drawstring it is set to the required amount of tension with cutting off an extra length;
- natural fabric should be washed, then dried and ironed to shrink.
Step by step description of the manufacture of the product
In order to sew a sheet on an elastic band with your own hands, you should learn a small master class.
The cut of the fabric is usually taken 2x1 m. If the required size is missing, then one of the two old sheets can be made. Most often, absorbent fabrics are suitable for sheets:
There are also materials made from flax, cotton, PVC threads. Flannel and knitwear are also popular, they are soft and pleasant to the touch.In the cold season, sheets of such materials are more preferable. The advantage of these materials is that they are flexible and stretch well. There is no need to make complex calculations with allowance for shrinkage tolerances; it is at this point that errors and inaccuracies are most often encountered.
Traditional natural material can not "work" without shrinkage, so in the calculations you should always add a stock of 10-15 cm. After all the necessary calculations are completed, the matter is fixed in the corner points. It should again be carefully measured, recording all the parameters. The smaller the error, the better the thing will turn out, the longer it will serve. If no questions arise, then sewing on all the corners is done with two seams. The crown of work will be a full-fledged cover that should fit the mattress tightly.
To insert a gum into a material, there are two ways.
- In the first version, the edges of the fabric are folded along the entire perimeter; a ribbon or ribbon should be sewn from the outer face.
- The second option is when the matter is bent around the perimeter, it turns out the seam, which in professional use is called: kuliska.Then the elastic is passed through, the ends of which are securely fastened.
These two methods are most commonly used, as they are simple and reliable.
As already mentioned, the ironing of such bedding is difficult, therefore, professionals often use the third method of inserting an elastic band. The elastic is fastened only at the corners, respectively, 22 centimeters will remain at each corner, that is, approximately 85-90 cm of elastic will be required. The material is also folded by ironing, the fabric is stitched at the corners. Then all the places are cut off on a typewriter. You can do everything in three hours.
Last method: clasps are fixed at the corner points of the sheet. Klammer called elastic bands in a professional environment. For greater reliability and durability, transverse ribbons are also often used. In the last two versions, the sheet can be reduced by 6 cm.
The sheet has an additional fastening, so it can be even more stretched. Moreover, from such a technology substantial savings of matter. In many good hotels you can find so-called suspenders on mattresses - these are clamps that really resemble this piece of clothing.
As additional devices for fixing the tension sheets, various clips or clips are used, which are attached to the piping or clamped edge. Such simple devices can double the life of the fabric. * +
Sheets with elastic bands are in demand in the infectious wards of many hospitals. It is an effective tool that prevents pathogens from getting on the mattress. This factor allows you to save tangible funds for unscheduled disinfection.
Ironing such things is a simple matter: the sheet is twisted out of the corners, they fold together, then ironed in the “Steam” mode.
Wash sheets with elastic should be using a substance that softens the fibers of the fabric and makes the water softer. After washing is finished, it is recommended to check the matter for the presence of small items of washing, they sometimes get there.
Often a sheet with an elastic band is used as a mattress to protect the product from contamination. Such a simple accessory prolongs the life of mattresses, especially latex. The topic is quite relevant, because such mattresses are quite high price.Fabric for these purposes most often used dense - linen or cotton.
Terry sheets are very functional in the winter, the material has a good thermal conductivity and is pleasant to the touch. Such products can not be applied to people who are prone to allergic reactions.
If the rubber band of one color sheet is a sign of good style, it’s easy to find the right material in online stores.
Stitching gum is recommended stitching, which is called "zigzag". This uses a special "foot". It is recommended to use an expensive wide elastic band from a reputable manufacturer, this will be a reliable guarantee that the item will last a long time.
Tools for work:
- triangle ruler;
- sewing machine;
- meter wooden or metal ruler;
- threads and needles.
Sewing such products is not the most difficult work, but practical experience must be present. It is best for a new person to recheck his calculations several times and make neat, correct patterns. They represent the underwater stone in this case, if you make a mistake, the material may be damaged.Then it will inevitably have to redraw everything, and this would entail extra costs.
How to sew a sheet on an elastic band, see the following video.